What Causes Retinal Hemorrhage? Its Symptoms And Treatment Options

Retinal hemorrhage is a condition which is associated with internal bleeding in the eye. The bleeding occurs due to damage to the retina which is a thin disc shaped layer at the back of the eyeball. Trauma is the primary cause for retinal hemorrhage, however there are other causes. This article provides information about the various treatment options available for the management of symptoms of retinal hemorrhage.

The retina is a thin disc layer which is sensitive to light and located at the back of the eye. The retina plays a crucial role of translating the objects that we see into unique impulses, which are later transmitted to the brain via the optic nerve. Retinal hemorrhage can be a serious condition and may be associated with severe damage to the retina, which in turn can lead to blindness.

The central portion of the retina, also referred to as the macula is the primary point where external images fall and is concentrated with retinal pigments. If there is bleeding outside of the macular region of the retina, it may be unnoticed for several years, however macular damage is associated with permanent visual damage.

Causes And Symptoms Of Retinal Hemorrhage

There are several factors that may contribute to bleeding and damage of the retinal tissue. Some of the common factors include the following,

  • Trauma or blow to the head is often associated with sudden damage to the retina, resulting in bleeding. In babies retinal bleeding is associated with shaking of the baby, also referred to as shaken baby syndrome.
  • Diabetes mellitus can make the blood vessels of the retina fragile resulting in increased risk of bleeding.
  • Retinal vein occlusion is another common cause for retinal bleeding.
  • Hypertension can lead to elevate blood pressure, which in turn can cause severe retinal hemorrhage.

Retinal Hemorrhage Symptoms

The retina is composed of the central macular region and the peripheral retina. When the bleeding affects the peripheral retina, often there are no symptoms. Symptoms become apparent only if the macular region is damaged or if the entire peripheral retina is destroyed. Some of the common symptoms include,

  • Visual disturbances with unclear images and presence of blood spots in vision.
  • Pain in the eye may be rare but an associated condition.

Fundus photography is essential to diagnose the presence of retinal hemorrhage.

Treatment For Retinal Hemorrhage

Retinal hemorrhage which is mild in nature or not associated with a chronic ailment will resolve naturally and doesn’t require any treatment. However for more severe cases laser surgery is considered to seal off the damaged blood vessel or certain drugs which avoid vascularization may also be used. Here are some homeopathic remedies that can also be used in treatment of retinal hemorrhage,

  • Homeopathic medicines like Rhus Tox and Arnica can help in re-absorption of blood and prevent further damage.
  • Active bleeding in the eyes can be controlled by use of drugs like Sepia or Ars Alb.
  • Avoiding strain or heavy exertions are important to reduce intra cranial pressure, which in turn can lead to bleeding within the eyes. Before opting for homeopathic medicine it is important to ascertain the status of retinal damage and its progression.