Prostate removal surgery is medically known as ‘prostatectomy.’ It is a procedure that removes part of, or the entire, prostate gland. The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. It is one of the three (3) important glands that facilitate reproduction, as it is responsible for producing the fluid consisting of acids and enzymes which make up the semen, and sustains the sperm cells. This gland is enveloped with muscles that contract and ejaculate the milky, sticky fluid during sexual intercourse.
Prostatectomy is performed only under the following circumstances:
- The patient suffers from enlarged prostate resulting from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); and
- The patient is diagnosed with prostate cancer.
There are two types of surgical procedures involved in prostatectomy. The first one is radical prostatectomy, wherein the entire gland is incised from the body. The second procedure is called partial prostatectomy, wherein only some prostate tissues are removed, and not the entire gland. It takes two to four hours to complete the surgery.
Prostate Removal Surgery Recovery
After undergoing prostatectomy, patients need to stay at the hospital for five days at most, depending upon the speed of recovery and extent of the surgery done. During the recovery phase, the patient must expect the following changes:
- Need for catheterization on the first few days;
- Need for antibiotic treatment;
- Experiencing urinary bleeding;
- Need to avoid physical strain;
- Experiencing difficulty in urinating; and
- Experiencing changes in ejaculation.
Also see Thyroid Removal Surgery
Prostate Removal Surgery Side Effects
Men who have undergone prostate removal surgery may suffer side effects such as incontinence and impotence. Incontinence is the failure to control the bladder, while impotence is the failure to have or hold an erection. Both of these side effects may be temporary, and treatments are available to restore these functions.
Also see Recovery Period after Removal of Thyroid