Hoarseness in Children: Causes and Treatment for Hoarseness in Babies

Hoarseness in children is a vocal condition where kids experience difficulty in making a sound, speaking is accompanied with change in voice tone and quality, the throat is scratchy, and they become breathy.

Causes of Hoarseness in Babies

  • Congenital causes such as laryngomalacia where the soft upper esophagus collapses inward during inhalation that causes airway obstruction.
  • Laryngeal web. These are tissues that partially block the airways. Cysts, laryngeal paralysis
  • Genetic disorders such as Down syndrome
  • Viral infections such as those caused by adenovirus, parainfluenza, and influenza viruses.
  • Bacterial infections
  • Yeast infections
  • Inflammation. Nodules in the vocal cords or the screamer’s or singer’s nodules accounts for ¾ of the chronic type of hoarseness.
  • Vocal polyps or benign growths that require surgical intervention. They are found usually on the vocal cord.
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Regurgitation of stomach contents to the esophagus
  • Benign and malignant tumours
  • Trauma to the vocal cords or the larynx
  • Problems concerning the metabolism.
  • Extensive use of vocal chords

Hoarseness Treatment and Remedies in Kids

  • Get adequate rest. When the condition is caused by excessive use of the vocal cords, rest over a good period of time is the only thing to do.
  • Make sure that your child will talk less or avoid shouting, crying, and excessive talking.
  • Avoid whispering because it strains the vocal cords.
  • Gargle with a glass of water and a half teaspoon of salt. It can increase blood circulation to the larynx.
  • Humidification with a vaporizer or drinking plain water can help.
  • Avoid drinking fruit juices and other beverages as it can worsen the condition by further irritating the larynx.
  • If the cause is an infection, treat it first.