When there is decrease amount of red blood cells, the condition is referred to as anemia. The red blood cells contain hemoglobin a type of protein which gives red color to the cell. It is hemoglobin which helps the RBC to carry oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body. In anemia there is also decrease amount of hemoglobin together with the number of RBC.
There are Different Types of Anemia
- Iron deficiency anemia: it is the commonest anemia of all the types.
- Pernicious anemia or megaloblastic anemia: due to vitamin B12 deficiency.
- Aplastic anemia: due to some reason the body stops making RBC’s.
- Hemolytic anemia: anemia due to excessive blood destruction. As it occurs in heredity spherocytosis, heredity hemoglobinopathies.
- Anemia of uncertain origin: this group includes anemia associated with chronic infection, uremia, rheumatoid arthritis, liver disease and widespread malignant disease.
- Anemia due to deficiency of vitamin C as it occurs in scurvy.
- Anemia due to deficiency of thyroxine.
Causes of Anemia
- Blood loss: it is the most common cause of anemia especially iron deficiency anemia. It can be an acute condition or it is a chronic condition. Heavy menstrual bleeding, injury, bleeding from piles and gastric ulcer or during or after surgery or due to cancer. If there is heavy loss of blood, the body may lose enough red blood cells to cause anemia.
- When the production of the red blood cells is diminished: pregnancy, diet not rich in iron and other elements required to form red blood cells, chronic diseases such as kidney failure, liver failure, cancer, tuberculosis, deficiency of some hormones such as thyroxine.
- Red blood cell destruction: enlarged spleen, sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, hemolytic anemia as it occurs after certain medications, infections,
- Intestinal parasites, lack of certain vitamins such as vitamin B12 or vitamin C.
Symptoms of Anemia
The symptoms are the direct consequence of the diminished oxygen carrying power of the blood on the tissues and the organs of the body. Their occurrence and severity depends on the degree of anemia and how rapidly anemia develops. The symptoms are independent of its type.
- Fatigue and lassitude.
- Breathlessness on exertion, dizziness, dimness of vision, headache, insomnia.
- Pale skin and mucus membrane.
- Palpitation, tachycardia, dilatation of heart,
- Cramps in legs
- Tingling in fingers and toes feeling of pins and needles.
- Edema of ankles.
- Desire to eat mud, plaster and dirt.
- Disfigurement of nails called koilonychias.
Home Remedy for Anemia
- Diet comprising all the essential elements required by the body is necessary to cure anemia. Cereals, rice, dairy products, vegetables and green leafy vegetables, meat and poultry, fish and nuts, eggs, beans etc.
- Iron rich food such as liver, green leafy vegetables, brown rice, oysters, raisins and prunes, whole grain flour.
- Apple is rich source of iron, eat one or two apples in a day, it is one of the simplest home remedy for anemia.
- Food cooked in iron pots increases iron content in the food.
- Eat citrus fruits they are helpful in absorbing iron from the intestine. Drink a glass of orange with beat root and carrot root juice.
- Beet root juice is an effective home remedy for treating iron deficiency anemia.