This skin condition is common in babies and children but can also occur in adults.
It is also common in hot and humid areas like tropical countries or during summer time.
Prickly heat rash has three common types and these include miliaria crystallina, miliaria rubia, and miliaria profunda. Miliaria crystallina is the milder form of the three and affects the top-most layer of the skin’s sweat ducts.
The miliaria rubia on the other hand occurs deeper in the epidermis and is commonly associated with prickly heat rash. The miliaria profunda affects the dermis and is a rare kind that occurs in adults.
Factors that cause these rashes include immature sweat ducts, certain fabrics, medications, heavy ointments and lotions, overheating, and tropical climates.
It is best for patients to see a doctor when the rash is accompanied by other symptoms like severe pain, swelling, redness, and warmth in the affected area. When patients can observe swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpits, neck or groin area they should also see the doctor especially when these symptoms are accompanied by fever and chills.
Home Remedies for Prickly Heat Rash
Avoid scratching the affected area to prevent germs or bacteria from entering the skin.
Take oatmeal baths twice a day. This can help relieve itchiness.
Refrain from using harsh soaps in cleaning the skin.
Use powder that contains cornstarch.
Pat on the affected area a solution of three parts boiling water and one part alcohol after gently washing it using a soft gauze and warm water.
Apply a cold compress that contains baking soda.
Application of gram flour paste on the affected area before taking a cold bath can help relieve symptoms.
Apply powdered bark of a pipal tree and powdered brick paste.
Sandalwood powder can also be directly applied to prevent itching.
Use Jambul seed paste. This is considered as one of the most effective home remedies for prickly heat rash.
Fuller’s earth can also be used by dissolving it in water and making a paste-like substance. This should be left to dry on the affected area before washing it off.
Grounded leaves of Neem mixed with a small amount of water can also be used along with green henna.
How to Prevent Prickly Heat Rash
Avoid activities that can induce sweating or do not do any physical activity during hot days
Avoid alcohol intake.
Use air-conditioners especially when the weather outside is hot or during summer time.
Wear light and loose-fitting clothes during hot and humid days.
Avoid humid and hot weather by staying in a cool dry place.