The foot is an important foundation for the standing human body structure. Our whole body structure rests on the foot. Foot is made up of bony arch, heels and toes, together with muscles and ligaments attached to the foot bones. Bruise is a type of injury. You may suffer from a bruised foot when blood leaks out from the blood vessels into the surrounding structures such as muscles, tendons and skin.
A bruised foot may be due to circumstances arising from our daily activities, life style and to an extent overweight. Bruising is common in foot than any other parts of the body due to following reasons: (a) its involvement with movement of the body. (b) It has to bear the strain of the body weight. (c) Its vulnerability to contact injury due to the anatomical situation of the foot.
What Are The Types And Causes Of Bruised Foot?
The three different types of bruises that can occur in the foot are hematoma, purpura, and contusions.
Hematoma in foot: after a foot injury, the blood vessel ruptures and the blood sip out of the vessels. It gets collected under the skin and in the tissues around the site of injury. The collected blood clots and forms a hematoma. A bruised foot can give rise to hematoma of the foot and it also includes a hematoma under the nail.
Contusion: it is a form of bruise that results after an injury. It can be mild to moderate. Usually contusion occurs as a result of blunt force. If you wear tight fitting shoes, there may be mild contusion on the toes. Severe contusion can occur as a result of blunt force, that may turn the skin to black or purple color as a result of leakage of blood in the surrounding structures.
Purpura occurs as a result of sudden leakage of blood from the blood vessels. It does not occur as a result of trauma as is contusion and hematoma. The tiny blood vessels when they leak form small red patches on the skin of the foot. Purpura is caused due to diseases, especially auto immune diseases and infectious diseases.
Symptoms Of Bruised Foot Bone
A bruised foot bone can significantly alter your normal gait. It can put pressure on other joints of the leg such as the knee joint, hip joint and the back. In fact the whole body is placed in jeopardy.
The local symptoms of a bruised foot include:
Pain in the affected foot is always present due to bruised foot bone. Swelling is common symptom associated with an injured foot. There is discoloration of the skin from red to black due to the rupture of blood vessels. There is mild to moderate dysfunction of foot as a result of pain. Initially walking may be difficult. Tingling and numbness may be complimentary symptoms associated with bruised foot. When a person ties to walk with a defective gait due to pain and swelling in the foot, he is at a risk of suffering from backache and even headache. Restricted movement of the foot can also affect the patient emotionally which can lead to stress and anxiety.
Systemic symptoms may include fever if site of trauma becomes infected. In some cases, there may be associated bruises in other parts of the body. This occurs especially in purpura. There may be associated bleeding from nose or vaginal bleeding or bleeding from gums. But this type of condition is not common.
How To Treat A Bruised Foot?
- Ice pack: place an ice pack over the bruised area of the foot. Apply it as soon as possible to reduce the swelling and stop the bleeding. If the method is followed in the early stage, recovery from bruised foot is faster.
- Bromelain: bromelain is a natural ingredient present in pineapple. The anti-inflammatory property of bromelain accelerates the healing process of bruised foot when applied on the affected area. Pure bromelain is available medical stores.
- Mix slippery elm powder, wild indigo powder, myrrh gum in equal quantity. Add water and brewer’s yeast to the mixture and prepare a thick paste. Apply it over the affected area, and cover it with a plastic sheet for twelve hours. These natural herbs accelerate the healing process of the bruised foot bone.
- Apply Arnica tincture on the affected foot area. Arnica reduces swelling by enhancing the absorption of hematoma. You can also use arnica as a homeopathic medicine.
- Elevate the affected leg above the level of your heart.