Blood clots form when blood vessels are damaged and blood leaks out of the vessel. It is natural mechanism in the body to plug the vessel, repair it and prevent further bleeding. Blood clots in nose are formed when the tiny vessels in the nasal lining break and start bleeding. The inner lining of nose is congested with great many fragile and tiny blood vessels. These vessels are known as capillaries.
What are the Causes of Nasal Blood Clots and Bleeding
The most common reason for a blood clot to form in the nose after nasal bleeding is a blow on the nose or a nasal trauma. The nose starts bleeding and after some time it clots and forms a plug at the bleeding point inside the nose.
Exposure to extreme cold or hot temperature, as seen in winter months or in summer season can cause inflammation of the nasal lining which may cause swelling and rupture of blood vessels.
When you suffer from colds, severe blowing from nose can be a reason for nasal bleeding and blood clots in the nose.
Allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, malaria, dengue fever, or typhoid fever etc can also cause bleeding from the nose.
High blood pressure is also one of the reasons associated for nasal bleeding. Other medical reasons that can trigger bleeding from nose are blood disorders, hemophilia, leukemia, thrombocytopenia or liver disease.
Blood clots in nose can form after a nasal surgery.
Exposure to certain irritants, chemical fumes, or prolonged use of nasal sprays and drops can cause nosebleed.
Deficiency of vitamin C, blood thinning medicines and anticoagulants can increase the chance of nosebleed, however since the blood becomes thin, it takes longer time to form a clot.
Nose bleed in children is mostly due to a minor trauma or due to constant nose picking.
Symptoms of Blood Clot in Nose
There is much anxiety and fear associated after a nosebleed and blood clots that follow, especially when it sudden. There may be a large blood clot in the nasal cavity if the bleeding is severe. After some time the blood clot in the nose dries up and expels of its own from the nose or it can be removed manually.
If the bleeding from the nose is severe, the blood may drip backwards in the throat. This may lead to spitting of blood and vomiting.
When there is excess of blood loss from the nose, he may feel dizzy and weak. However there are less chances of excess loss of blood.
How to Treat a Blood clot in the Nose?
In most cases of epistaxis, a medical term for nosebleed, the bleeding stops within few minutes. This is because of formation of a blood clot on the bleeding blood vessel. However, you can also pinch your nose for ten minutes. Pressure helps to slow down the blood flow from the bleeding vessel and soon helps to form a clot. Release the pressure after 10 minutes and breathe. While applying pressure, you can breathe through your mouth.
You can also apply cold compresses on the bridge of the nose.
If there is frequent bleeding from the nose, vitamin K and vitamin C helps to make you’re walls of capillaries strong and the blood to clot more effectively.