Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that occurs on the skin and in the tissues beneath the skin. This can be mistaken for allergic reactions and other skin conditions because of the presence of rashes and tenderness that develop on the skin. However, this can be differentiated by the fact that cellulitis actually occurs in much deeper layers of the skin.
The following are some of the symptoms of cellulitis that patients and physicians should watch out for:
- Painful skin areas that are tender to touch
- Inflammation of the skin
- Redness of the skin
- Swelling of the skin
- Drainage of pus or clear yellow fluid from the affected areas
- It is also possible that the patient will experience swelling in some lymph nodes, often those located closest to the areas with cellulitis
- Warmth of the skin, something that is much warmer than the surrounding areas
- It is also possible that these skin symptoms will be accompanied by systemic symptoms such as:
- Chills and fever
- Fatigue and malaise
- Muscle aches
- Joint aches
- Scabs and rashes
- Red lines that trace from the affected area to the lymph nodes
What are the Causes of Cellulitis
- There are a number of possible reasons why cellulitis occurs in the skin.
- Streptococcus and Staphylococcus are the two most common bacteria groups that cause this ailment. Still, Pseudomonas, Clostridium, and Hemophilus influenza could also cause cellulitis.
- The most common reason why cellulitis occurs is that bacteria enter the body through a crack or opening in the skin. This could come in the form of a wound, puncture, laceration, or skin ulcers. Some ailments also open the skin to bacteria, including dermatitis and athlete’s foot.
- Sometimes, insects and spiders bite the skin, injecting bacteria that could also cause the infection.
- When the skin is dry and flaky, it could be easier for bacteria to enter it.
Treatment Involved for Cellulitis Infection
- It is best to understand that cellutitis is caused by bacteria. Thus, treatment will be in the form of antibiotics.
- There are some home remedies such as herbs that also have antibacterial properties.
- These remedies can be used directly on the skin or drank, depending on how this particular herb or medication is used.
- For instance, bayberry and eucalyptus have antibacterial properties. These herbs are used externally.
- Home remedies that can be taken orally include garlic, turmeric, and cranberries.