Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is a painful condition in men caused due to inflammation of the prostate gland. It is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen and burning while urinating, besides pain after intercourse and blood in urine. Non bacterial prostatitis usually occurs in middle aged men, but there is no exact cause yet known. Some of the risk factors that may trigger it are injury in the genital or urinary system, emotional stress etc.

Painkillers, stool softeners, and medicines to relax prostate gland are the mainstay treatment measures for people suffering from chronic nonbacterial prostatitis.

The prognosis of this condition is good after treatment. However, the condition has possibility to recur after sometime.

Risk Factors Of Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis

Prostate is a small gland situated inferior to the bladder and in front of the rectum in the pelvic cavity of men. It is one of the reproductive organs in men. This gland produces fluid which helps easy transportation of sperm. Prostate is the size of an apricot weighing around 20 grams.

Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is inflammation of prostate gland. The condition lasts for more than three months with susceptibility to recur frequently.

Men between the ages of 35 to 45 are the usual suffers. As the name suggests, it is not caused by bacteria. But at the same time there is no exact cause yet known to cause this painful condition.

Certain risk factors are suspected such as:

  • Emotional stress.
  • Past history of prostatitis.
  • Climatic changes, especially cold climate.
  • Injury to the genital tract.
  • Interaction of emotional factors and hormones that increases activity of nerves around the genital area.

Symptoms Of Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis

Following are the signs and symptoms of chronic nonbacterial prostatitis:

  • Burning sensation in urine.
  • Pain in the lower genital area, especially in the perineum. It begins as dull ache and pressure in the perineum, just behind the testis.
  • Increased urinary frequency often at night.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen and back.
  • Semen and urine may be stained with blood.
  • Pain with bowel movement.
  • Pain in penis while ejaculating.
  • Reduced desire for intercourse.
  • Tired feeling all the time.

The symptoms of chronic nonbacterial prostatitis occur frequently and may last for 3 months or more. They come and go very frequently.

Treatment Options For Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis

Diagnosis of chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is made by the doctor from the symptoms, clinical examination, and certain tests. After taking the history, the doctor examines the patient inserting a finer in the rectum. He can feel the prostate gland, can palpate and know whether it is enlarged or inflamed.

Meanwhile urine culture and examination will show absence of bacteria and pus. No bacteria are found in the prostatic secretion either after the doctor does prostatic massage.

The aim of treating chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is to alleviate symptoms and discomfort of the patient. Since there is no specific cause known for the condition, doctors usually prescribe medicines symptomatically. It consists of painkillers and anti-inflammatory medicines.

Sometimes they also prescribe antibiotics. Medicines to relax prostate such as alpha blockers are effective. Patients who suffer from constipation are given stool softeners.

Aside from the regular medicines, there are several natural ways to reduce pain. These therapies have no side effects. Here are some of the effective natural remedies that will help:

  • Warm baths
  • Acupuncture
  • Cranberry juice
  • Massage
  • Yoga and meditation to relieve stress.
  • Avoid spicy food, alcohol, and caffeine.