Pus Cell in Urine: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment of Pus Cells

A urinalysis is one of the least expensive, yet very useful diagnostic tests. This analysis is used to detected the presence of any harmful chemical of other unexpected substances in the urine. For example, the urine test can detect substances such as glucose (diabetics), blood (kidney problems), crystals (kidney stones) and also pus cells that indicate some kind of infection in your body.

Pus Cells in Urine

  • The presence of pus cells in the urine indicates an ailment in the body. In medical parlance, passage of pus cells in urine is called Pyuria.
    Pyuria can be microscopic or gross. With large number of pus cells, the urine may appear turbid or it may be purulent.
  • Pus cells are white blood cells that signify infection in the body, especially if the urine also contains bacteria.
  • Presence of pus cells in the urine may also be a sign of infection or inflammation in the kidneys and bladder. Since the urine has to pass through the kidneys and the bladder, it may pick up some pus cells from there before voiding.
  • The mere presence of pus cells in the urine may not clearly indicate what type of infection or ailment the patient is suffering from.
    In such cases, urine test for culture and sensitivity is of great help.
  • Further blood tests may be requested to check for certain levels of components and compounds in the blood.

Symptoms of Pus Cells in Urine

There may no be any visible and obvious outward symptom of pus cells in urine. However, some of the common symptoms are:

  • Painful, burning sensation when urinating
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fever
  • Vomiting

It is critical to identify these symptoms at an early stage so appropriate diagnosis and treatment can be administered.

Causes of Pus Cell in Urine

Possible causes of the presence of pus cells in urine include:

  • Kidney infection
  • Bladder infection
  • Infection in urethra
  • Inflammation due to presence of bladder stones or kidney stones
  • Immune disorders
  • Allergies or growths anywhere along the genitourinary system

Predisposing factors contributing pus cell in urine:

  • Unhygienic habits
  • Sexual intercourse with an infected person suffering from sexually transmitted disease (STD)
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Sexual perversions
  • Use of catheter
  • Cancer of either urinary organs or the genital organs
  • Use of steroids and immune-suppressant drugs for a long time. This lowers the immunity which may result in recurrent urinary tract infection and pus cells in urine
  • Enlarged prostate in men

Treatment of Pus Cells in Urine

  • Treatment for this condition will depend upon what underlying cause the diagnostic tests reveal. There would be different treatment plans for the varying underlying causes listed above.
  • Most of the time, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to help control infections, if these are the cause of the pus cells.
  • If the pus cells are due to inflammation because of kidney or bladder stones, then these stones must first be dissolved or removed from the body, before other treatment is provided.
  • Drinking enough water and fluids helps in expelling the pus cells out of the urinary system. Drinking alkaline mixture can give symptomatic relief from burning sensation while urinating. However, fluids by themselves will not eradicate the infection. For treating pus cells in urine, specific antibiotics are needed.