If you experience pain in the jaw, even when you talk, you may be having a muscle spasm. A spasm of the muscle can occur anywhere in the body and is an involuntary contraction of the muscle.
Muscle spasm in the jaw can occur if the jaw gets over-stretched or is held in the same position for a protracted interval of time.
If you have continual and frequent jaw muscle spasms, you may have temporo-mandibular joint disorder.
What Causes Jaw Spasm While Talking?
There could be various reasons for spasm of the muscles of the jaw joint; commonly seen etiological factors are:
- Trauma or injury to the temporo-mandibular joint.
- Muscle injury.
- TMJ disorder.
- Nerve irritation.
- Compression or impingement of the nerve.
- Hypocalemia or low levels of calcium.
- Peritonsillar abscess.
- Ankylosis of temporo-mandibular joint.
- Inflammation of the muscles of mastication.
- Condylar fracture.
- Osteomylitis of the jaw bone.
- Radiation therapy to head and neck.
The presenting features and symptoms for jaw spasm include – pain in the jaw, face and neck, stiffness of the jaw, painful popping when you open and close the mouth and locking of the temporo-mandibular joint.
You must confer with your doctor to make the appropriate diagnosis and determine the cause of the spasm. The doctor may order a few tests’ and investigations to make the precise diagnosis.
Home Remedies To Treat Muscle Spasm In Jaw
Your physician will assess the joint thoroughly, examine the muscles and bones and prescribe the necessary treatment. Alongside, you can do the following to ease the symptoms.
- Make sure that you eat only soft foods (juices, well cooked rice and oats, soups, boiled vegetables and fruits) so that the jaw does not tire out from chewing. Steer clear of nuts, crisps, wafers and salads.
- Apply ice packs to alleviate the pain and discomfort when you feel as if you are having a muscular spasm. Keep the ice pack for 5 to 10 minutes; and do this about 5 times in day.
- Do not do extreme jaw movements, like, keeping the jaw wide open for a prolonged period of time. Avoid straining the muscles of the jaw. What’s more, avoid chewing gum altogether; it will greatly aggravate the condition.
- Visit a physical therapist. A physiotherapist will teach you effective exercises for the jaw joint. Do gentle stretches of the jaw joint and gentle jaw relaxation exercises everyday for a week or two; these will immensely strengthen the muscles of the temporo-mandibular joint, as well as allay pain and discomfort appreciably.
- Gently massaging the affected area will help too. Warm some oil (coconut or olive or sesame seed) and gently massage the jaw joint. It will ease the spasmodic pain and reduce stiffness as well. You may also include essential oils such as clove essential oil or ginger essential oil or nutmeg essential oil. These oils are ideal for most spasms and pains and relieve them successfully.
- Wear a stabilization splint. Your health care provider may advise you to wear a splint, since it is a like a guard that fits over the teeth and offers protection.