What are the Aftercare to be Followed after Tooth Extraction?

Tooth Extraction Aftercare

The length of the healing process on the area of tooth extraction primarily depends on the extent of damage to the soft and hard tissues of the gums. Patients may often experience a small degree of pain and discomfort especially after the anesthesia wears out. Swelling and stiffening of the jaws can also be experienced for a few days after the extraction.

Full healing of a surgical tooth extraction can be expected within three to four weeks.

On the other hand, simple tooth extraction will take only a week or two. During the healing period, it is best for patients to follow proper aftercare tips usually instructed by dentists to manage pain, enhance healing, and prevent complications.

Tooth Removal Aftercare

Below are some tips that patients can use after having their tooth extracted.

  • Avoid chewing if the numbness brought about by the anesthesia is still felt.

  • Avoid lying down.

    If patients cannot resist the urge to lie down, pillows should be used to keep head elevated and reduce further bleeding.

  • Always remember to protect the wound in the gums by keeping any source of infection or irritation away. This can be done by chewing on the other side of the mouth for at least a day, eating soft foods, and keeping the tongue and the fingers from pressing the affected area.

  • Avoid spitting and sucking through a straw since this may move the blood clot which is vital in the healing process.

  • Minimize any kind of strenuous activities for at least five days to prevent bleeding. Relax or rest as much as possible.

  • Do not smoke for a few days since smoking can cause bleeding and delay the healing process.

  • Proper brushing and flossing should be done to maintain good oral hygiene. Affected area should not be touched or poked for a few days.

  • Avoid rinsing for one day. This can disrupt blood clot formation. Rinsing can be done on the second or third day with warm water and salt.

  • Bleeding is usually controlled by gauze that is placed by the dentist after extraction. Replace this with a sterile, wet dressing if bleeding continues at home.

  • Pain that is experienced can be managed by over-the-counter inflammatory drugs. When pain is intense, the dentist will usually prescribe pain medications which will be taken for a few days.

  • Patients often experience difficulty in opening their mouths. This is usually caused by stiffening of the muscles in the area. A simple and gentle massage along with warm compress can be applied.

  • Antibiotics are usually given when there is an increased risk of infection. This should be taken diligently to promote faster healing.