Health Benefits Of Artemisia Herb: Medicinal Uses Of Mugwort

The herb Artemisia vulgaris belongs to the genus Artemisia, which derived its name from the ancient Greek goddess Artemis. The genus Artemisia comprises of over 400 different species of herbs. These herbs are perennial and are usually found in temperate climates. They are valued for their odor and volatile oils.

Artemisa Vulgaris is the more commonly known herb in the family.

Its common name is mugwort. This plant originates from Asia, Eastern Europe and Northern part of Africa. The shrub grows to a height of about two meters. The shrub is characterized by hairy pinnate leaves and small yellow and red petal flowers. The flowers bloom from July to September and are arranged on a capitula.

In alternative and herbal therapy, Artemisia has several benefits. While the flowers are devoid of any medical properties, the roots and leaves are of great value. They are used in the form of herbal teas, poultices, tinctures and ointments. Some species are processed for the production of essential oils. In some cultures, they are commonly used for seasoning food.

Medicinal Properties And Uses Of Artemisia Herb

Artemisia is loaded with flavonoids, coumarin, tannins, triterpenes and other volatile oils. The active ingredient of the herb is artemisin, which is considered the source of its medicinal properties. Some of the medicinal properties of the herbs include,

  • The herb is used to treat digestive tract conditions. The herb can help sooth intestinal inflammation and relieve symptoms like constipation, diarrhea, abdominal/intestinal pain and cramps. The herb is also known to promote digestion and promote the production of bile. The herb also helps boost appetite.
  • Artemisia acts as a liver tonic and thereby helps in body detox. It helps flush out toxins from the blood and improve the production of bile. The herb is commonly used to deal with hepatitis and jaundice.
  • The herb is known to have profound anti-bacterial properties and used to treat bladder infections.
  • Further, the herb is effective against parasites like ringworm and thread worm. Recent reports suggest it may be effective against malarial parasites. In Africa, the herb is known to help in treatment of river blindness, a debilitating disease.
  • Artemisia is used to deal with a range of reproductive disorders, especially affecting females. It helps regularize menstrual cycles and promotes fertility in females. Artemisia is known to help deal with dsymenorrhea or painful menstruation.
  • The herb is also used to deal with epilepsy, anxiety and stress related disorders. The herb has mild narcotic properties which can help deal with tremors and trembling. The herb is also considered effective to induce sleep.
  • Local application of the herb can deal with a wide range of skin conditions. The herb is effective in dealing with carbuncles and felons. Local application is recommended to hasten healing associated with bruises and scratches. It is helps alleviate itching.
  • The herb is effective in dealing with rheumatism and gout. It aids in treatment of swollen joints by reducing inflammation and pain.

The health benefits of the Artemisia herb have been known to herbalist for several centuries. However some of the plants in the Artemisia genus are very toxic and it is recommended to consult a trained and experienced herbalist before using them.

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