Knuckles or metacarpals are bones that are located between proximal phalangal bones of the finger and carpel bones that are located in the palm of the hands. The 4th and the 5th metacarpal bones are most likely to be damaged as a result of indirect force. Given the nature of the injury, it is also referred to as a boxer’s fracture.
The broken knuckles are caused by a direct impact of a clenched fist with a hard and immovable object. Since the knuckle of the ring finger leads the rest of the knuckles in a hard punch, the 4th metacarpal is the most commonly affected bone.
In normal conditions, linear articulation of the bones allows force to travel freely from the humerus, via the radius to the metacarpels. However in an improper format, a dorsal bump is created which in turn causes a fracture of the knuckles.
Signs And Symptoms Of Broken Knuckle
- The typical symptoms of a broken knuckle include tenderness and pain along the affected metacarpal joint.
- A snapping or popping sensation or sound is heard when the fracture occurs. Often the fracture is associated with swelling, bruising and discoloration around the affected site. Cuts or lacerations are common at the site.
- The movement of the fingers, especially the ring and little finger is commonly affected, with occasional misalignment of the finger joint.
Home Remedies For Healing A Broken Knuckle
A simple X ray of the wrist joint can help identify the level of damage and the associated angulation of the fracture. The treatment of a broken knuckle typically depends upon the severity of the pain,
- Local application of ice can help relieve pain and swelling at the site. If the injury is associated with a cut or a laceration, it is recommended to wash it with plain water and apply antiseptic cream to avoid infection.
- It is important to keep the hand and fingers immobilized, to prevent additional damage. It is possible that the fragments of the broken bone may damage surrounding blood vessels, ligaments, nerves or muscles.
- Though anti-inflammatory pain killers are useful, home remedies like turmeric and garlic are equally beneficial. Consume turmeric and freshly crushed garlic flakes with raw honey to help alleviate the pain.
- In most cases, doctors would recommend the use of tape to help limit mobilization and allow natural healing. If the condition is bad, splints may be applied from the middle part of the forearm to the fingers.
- In some cases, casts may be applied to hasten the healing process and ensure immobilization. It would typically take about 4 to 6 weeks for the fractured bone to heal completely.
- To hasten the healing process a diet rich in calcium is recommended. Increase the intake of dairy products, green leafy vegetables, soy, etc. Calcium supplements may also help in hastening the pace of recovery. Ensure that you also take magnesium supplements along with calcium supplements, as magnesium helps improve the absorption of calcium.
- Homeopathic drugs like Calacarea Phos and Calcarea Carb are considered useful in improving the natural absorption of calcium. These drugs should be taken in low potency and should be repeated about three to four times in a day.