Dehydration occurs when there is a loss of body fluids, more than the amount that is taken in. More water is leaving the body cells, and going out of the body; than the quantity of water that is being taken in through drinking.
There are a host of conditions that could trigger rapid and sustained loss of fluids and may lead to dehydration:
- Exposure to heat.
- Inadequate water intake.
- Excessive exercise.
- Increased urination because of UTI.
- Diabetes mellitus.
- Comatose person.
- Sick infant.
- Severe widespread skin infection.
While treating dehydration, along with plenty of water, your body also requires replacement of electrolytes, so that the optimal balance is restored.
Dehydration Symptoms In Adults
Signs and symptoms and the clinical picture of dehydration in adults tend to range from minor to moderate to severe.
Mild to moderate symptoms of dehydration are:
- Dryness of the mouth.
- Increased thirst.
- Exhaustion and weariness.
- Sluggishness, sleepiness.
- Reduced output of urine, yellow, offensive smelling urine.
- Dry skin.
Severe symptoms are of dehydration are as follows:
- Severely diminished output of urine or no urine output at all. The urine is highly concentrated and has a deep yellow color.
- Dizziness or faintness; cannot stand or walk normally.
- A drastic drop in the blood pressure.
- Rapid heart rate.
- Poor skin elasticity.
- Lethargy, sluggishness, confusion, coma.
Home Treatments For Dehydration
Prompt and effective treatment ought to be started at once, in order to prevent serious complications. You can start these treatment guidelines at home, before calling the doctor. On the other hand, sever cases may not respond to home treatments and need medical aid.
Home care guidelines to manage dehydration:
- Make him sip little quantities of water, frequently.
- Give him electrolyte-containing drinks to reinstate the water-electrolyte balance. Good options are prepared replacement solutions or sports beverages.
- Carbohydrate-containing drinks are advocated as well.
- Suck on ice chips and popsicles made from juices.
- Give him other fluids as well – barley water, fresh fruit juices, vegetable stock, herbal teas, etc; these not only help replace the lost fluids, but also strengthen the individuals and speed up recuperation.
- Get rid of any excess clothing and loosen the clothing.
- Use a spray bottle to spray water on exposed the skin surfaces; this will help with the cooling by promoting evaporation.
- Air conditioning helps the person appreciably; it brings the body temperature to normal and promotes heat loss. In case, air conditioning is not accessible, place him near a fan. Place wet napkins on various parts of the body.
- Avoid using ice water; it tends to cause the blood vessels in the skin to become narrow and will reduce, rather than encourage heat loss. Too much cold can result in shivering, and this in turn increases the body temperature, and may cause the dehydration symptoms to worsen.
- Always call the doctor to diagnose the exact cause and to understand if any medication or medical aid is required.