Dermoid cyst refers to a sac like growth found on inside the skin surface which may contain structures like hair, fluids or glands. The superficial dermoid cysts are most frequently observed on the face and are present since birth. The superficial dermoid cysts are usually non tender; grow slowly and not associated with any complications. The other rare forms of dermoid cysts which affect parts other than the skin include,
- Dermoid cysts in the brain: These occur very rarely and need to be removed surgically.
- Dermoid cysts in the nasal sinus: These are relatively rare but the complications are not very severe. Surgical removal is required.
- Dermoid cysts in the ovaries: These develop in women during the reproductive age and are associated with complications like infection, rupture, torsion or cancer. They are relatively rare and need to be removed surgically.
- Dermoid cysts in the spinal cord: These can be associated with risk of infection and occasional nerve damage. Surgical removal is usually partial, but the outcomes are usually excellent.
Causes And Symptoms Of Dermoid Cysts
Embryologists suggest that dermoid cysts are caused when the skin or its associated structure are trapped during the fetal development. This is the reason why most dermoid cysts contain structures like nerves, teeth, hair, follicles and sweat glands.
While in most cases the dermoid cysts are not associated with any specific symptoms. The cysts are firm and painless and often not attached to the underlying skin structure. However symptoms may be present when the cysts get infected,
- The cysts may become painful and inflamed and occasionally may be associated with enlargement.
- The cysts may occasionally change in color.
- In most cases, associated symptoms including fever may be present.
In most cases, dermoid cysts grow slowly and hence are noticed only during early adulthood.
Natural Treatment For Dermoid Cysts
While self removal of the dermoid cysts is not recommended, primarily since a partial removal will result in recurrence of the cyst, there are certain home remedies that can help in controlling the infection and bleeding associated with the cysts,
- Local application of paste of garlic mixed with margosa leaves is considered very beneficial. Garlic has strong anti-inflammatory properties, while margosa is antibacterial and has a soothing effect on the skin.
- Local application of tea tree oil (diluted to 5% concentration) can be useful in the management of the condition. This prevents bacterial infection whilst helping in shrinking the cyst in size.
- Homeopathic remedy Silicia and Hepar Sulph are useful in natural removal of the cysts. Silecia is often referred to as the “surgeon’s knife”. These remedies lead to natural suppuration, which in turn helps in natural removal of the internal structures within the cysts and causes the cysts to shrink (and occasionally disappear). Consult your homeopathic physician for an appropriate guidance for dosage and time period.
In case of cosmetic concerns, it is recommended that the cysts be removed surgically using a local anesthesia. An incision is made directly on the cyst and the cyst is removed. In most cases, there are no complications and surgical removal is associated with complete recovery.