Thyroiditis refers to inflammation of the thyroid gland and is associated with a wide array of causes. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is so called as it was first described by a Japanese doctor, Dr. Hashimoto. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which abnormal form of antibodies are produced which eventually attack and destroy the cells of the thyroid gland.
This condition is more prevalent among females and is often associated with other disorders like Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Down’s syndrome, etc. Family history also plays a vital and contributing role in the development of the disorder.
Hashimoto Thyroiditis Symptoms In Teenagers
The condition is usually not associated with any symptoms except for enlargement of the thyroid gland and throat pressure related symptoms. During the early stages, there may be slight pain and tenderness that may be observed, however in most cases, the condition is asymptomatic.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism develop as the disease progresses with obesity, lethargy and fatigue being the common symptoms. Other associated symptoms include lack of concentration, irritability, restlessness, lack of sleep, reduced appetite, etc.
The diagnosis of the condition is confirmed through a battery of blood tests focused at ascertaining the hormonal level of thyroid in blood. There have been instances where the enlargement of thyroid gland has been reversed with a multidisciplinary approach; however this usually takes several years. While a regular checkup is often recommended, self-regression has been recorded in some cases.
Diet Plan For Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Here are some simple dietary tips that can help you deal promptly with hashimoto’s thyroiditis,
- Have breakfast within 30 to 45 minutes of getting up. This is important since the body has been going about without food for over 8 hours and needs nutrients. It is important to have a breakfast even if you don’t feel hungry.
- Eat small quantities of food at frequent intervals. Always eat food frequently to ensure an adequate supply of nutrients and eat in relatively small quantities, so as to not overburden the stomach. Experts recommend that one should eat about six times during a day.
- Avoid processed and refined foods. Processed foods are difficult to digest while refined foods are devoid of nutritive value. Avoiding these foods can help improve your appetite naturally and provide the body much needed nutrition.
- Some experts recommend avoiding dairy products. Milk and milk products contain certain amount of animal hormones which in turn can alter the hormonal balance within the body. Avoid soy and other foods containing phytoestrogens.
- Include iodized salt in your diet. Ensure that the salt you consume is fortified with iodine. Don’t increase the intake of salt. Also avoid gluten in your diet, as it can lead to poor digestive abilities.
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Treatment
Diagnosis is based on the presence of elevated levels of antibodies in the blood. TSH levels in the blood are measured to confirm the diagnosis.
Contemporary treatment regimen focuses on the use of thyroid hormones to treat the condition, however homeopathic drugs like Baryta Carb and Phytollaca are considered to be very useful.
Regular exercise and getting enough sleep also plays an equally important role in the treatment of hashimoto’s thyroiditis.