Hyperactivity of your brain significantly afflicts the daily lives of children as well as adults. It can result in a host of mental health disorders – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression and Learning Disorders.
Occasionally, those who have suffered brain trauma may develop symptoms of hyperactivity that were not there prior to the injury.
What Causes Hyperactivity Disorder?
The precise cause and etiological factor for a hyperactivity disorder has not yet been established; on the other hand, there are a few theories regarding the causes – alcohol use and smoking during pregnancy is linked to hyperactivity in the brain. Also, genetics has an important role to play in the development of hyperactivity.
Researchers are studying the significance of genes that make people more likely to develop this symptom. Also, an exposure to environmental toxins has also been linked to hyperactivity. Hence, the cause is usually multi-factorial and several influences come in to play.
Signs And Symptoms Of Hyperactivity Disorder
Clinical manifestations include:
- Difficulty in concentrating and paying attention.
- Cannot follow instructions and apparently is not at all listening.
- Squirms and fidgets.
- Is in constant motion.
- Habitually daydreaming.
- Organizational skills are zero.
- Forgets things and loses various items.
- Easily distracted.
- Excessively talkative.
- Cannot remain seated.
- Interrupts and intrudes on others’ conversations.
- Has trouble in waiting for his turn.
Treatment Guidelines For Hyperactivity Disorder
Managing hyperactivity calls for a multi-disciplinary approach. Confer with your health care provider and embark upon the treatment regimen without wasting anytime.
- You need to understand that treatment will not altogether cure a hyperactivity disorder, however, it will help manage the symptoms successfully. The treatment regimen classically comprises of medicines and behavioral interventions. An early diagnosis of the condition as well as prompt treatment makes a huge difference in the prognosis of the case.
- Drugs known as psycho stimulants are usually prescribed to manage hyperactivity. These medicines help enhance as well as balance the levels of brain chemicals – neurotransmitters. They improve the symptoms of hyperactivity, sometimes dramatically.
- Medication in the treatment of hyperactivity has demonstrated positive results, however, you need to discuss with your doctor before you embark up on this regimen.
- Experts recommend integrating mental health therapy along with medicines to better deal with the symptoms. Cognitive behavioral therapy and family or relationship therapy proffers excellent benefits.
- Show the individual a lot of love and affection, let him know that he is loved and appreciated. Focusing on the negative aspects can harm your relationship and affect self-confidence and self-esteem. Look for behaviors for which you can complement the individual regularly.
- Find ways to improve your child’s self-esteem and sense of discipline. Your counselor can guide you.
- Help the child /adult organize and maintain a daily assignment notebook. Keep his or her environment organized and uncluttered.
- Try to keep a regular schedule for meals, naps and bedtime.
- Make sure that you are well rested. Ensure that you sleep for 7 to 8 hours every night and have 15 minute shut-eye during the day. Do not over tax yourself; that makes the symptoms worse.
- Support groups are also highly advocated by all experts. You need to open a dialogue about your symptoms and feelings with those you are close to. This helps improve your relationships because they will have a fuller understanding of you and what you are dealing with.