Magnesium is one of the electrolytes present in the body. Normal levels are vital for the upkeep of the heart and optimal nervous system functioning. The normal adult value for magnesium is 1.5 – 2.5 mEq/L. Magnesium is excreted by the kidneys. Impairment to the kidneys and when they aren’t working adequately leads to rise in magnesium levels.
Approximately half of the magnesium in the body is located in the bones, however, magnesium also takes part in controlling the blood sugar, blood pressure, muscle movement, nerve functioning, working of the immune system and energy metabolism.
Causes Of Too Much Magnesium In The Blood
When there is a rapid amount of cellular destruction, the components of the cells (magnesium and potassium) move out of the cell, in to the blood stream. Those receiving chemotherapy for Leukemia, Lymphoma, or multiple Myeloma are known to be at risk for Tumor Lysis Syndrome, wherein there is cellular destruction.
Kidneys help to get rid of excess magnesium from the blood stream and the magnesium toxicity restricts their capacity to do so. If the kidneys have already been impaired from a pre-existing disease, they fail to excrete the magnesium from the blood as effectively as healthy kidneys.
You could also be taking in large amounts of magnesium in your diet, usually in the form of laxatives or antacids. Also, taking supplements could be a cause.
Signs And Symptoms Of Too Much Magnesium
- Preliminary symptoms of high levels of magnesium are usually gastrointestinal. Diarrhea is commonly the first symptom. There may also be nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
- Magnesium toxicity affects the cardiovascular functioning. A severe drop in the blood pressure is known to occur. Too much magnesium slows the heartbeat or triggers inconsistent heart rhythms. Excessively high levels may even make the heart stop beating completely.
- It also causes muscle fatigue and breathing difficulty.
- There may also be an alteration in the mental status, such as confusion and stupor.
- In extreme cases, magnesium toxicity may result in coma or death.
How To Lower High Magnesium Levels Naturally?
- You need to stick to your doctor’s instructions regarding lowering the blood magnesium level. In case the levels are too high, he may need to prescribe certain drugs to decrease the level to a safe range.
- Steer clear of laxatives and antacids containing magnesium; more so, if your kidneys are not working as they should. Furthermore, it is always advisable to confer with your health care provider before starting any magnesium supplement.
- Increase your everyday consumption of fresh fruit and fiber if you suffer from chronic constipation. Prunes and dates are exceedingly effective. If you still face obstinate constipation, your physician will prescribe a laxative to help prevent constipation, and which does not contain magnesium if you have kidney problems.
- You need to frequently follow up with your doctor to develop as well as adhere to a routine that works for you.
- Drink three liters of liquid daily, unless you have been advised to restrict fluid intake.
- Most essentially, you have to follow your health care provider’s guidelines and advice for medicines, diet, follow up blood work and laboratory investigations.
- What’s more, you need to also stay away from caffeine and alcohol, as they trigger electrolyte disturbances.