Cavities are particular common among young children and toddlers. The problem is caused due to deposits of food debris on the teeth which are referred to as plaques. These plaques are formed around poorly accessible areas like the grooved surface, around the gum lines, etc. The food debris mix with saliva and produce acids which have a corroding effect on the tooth.
When this plaque is allowed to remain for a very long duration, it gets converted in tartar. The tartar produces acid which dissolves the hard enamel which covers the tooth resulting in formation of holes or cavities. Over a period of time these plaques damage the soft internal tissue, dentin and pulp of the tooth and can result in loss of tooth.
Cavities In Toddlers Causes
Some of the common causes associated with formation of cavities in toddlers include the following,
- Eating a diet rich in starch and sugar can be associated with higher possibility of deposits of debris which in turn can increase the risk of formation of cavities.
- Poor dental hygiene is another contributing factor, which in turn can result higher risk of formation of cavities.
Signs And Symptoms Of Cavities In Toddlers
Some of the common symptoms associated with cavities in toddlers include the following,
- Toothache is one of the most common symptoms associated with cavities. Toothache is aggravated on consuming hot or very cold drinks. Pain is however indicative of an advanced stage of cavities.
- Halitosis or offensive odor from the mouth is another symptom associated with cavities.
- Infection can be associated with formation of pus and bleeding gums.
- Eventually dental loss is indicative of cavities and dental decay.
- Some may complain of altered taste in the mouth, which is usually attributed to the highly acidic environment in the oral cavity, due to presence of high concentration of bacteria in the mouth.
How To Prevent Cavities In Toddlers?
Maintaining utmost dental hygiene is a priority in order to prevent cavities among toddlers. Brushing twice a day and using fluorinated toothpaste can be helpful in the management and prevention of dental cavities. Floss at least twice a week to prevent formation of plaque between teeth. Here are some addition home remedies and simple treatment options that can be beneficial,
- Avoid sweet foods, toffees and chocolates. These can increase the risk of accumulation of plaque and eventually cause tooth damage. Ensure that your child gargles or washes his/her mouth after every meal.
- A homeopathic medicine like Kreostote is considered to be very useful in the treatment of cavities in toddlers. This helps alleviate the pain and also reduces dental loss.
- Add a tablespoon of turmeric to a glass of warm milk. Turmeric has strong anti-microbial properties which help fight bacteria, while milk is slightly alkaline in nature which hampers the growth of these bacteria. Add raw honey to the milk, instead of sugar for flavor and taste, as honey also has antibacterial abilities.
- Gargling with salt water, especially during the day, about three to four times, doesn’t allow food debris to get accumulated between teeth and thereby reduces the risk of cavities in toddlers.
Dental surgical interventions may be required in severe cases which are associated with tooth loss or wide spread gum damage. Regular dental check-ups may also be very important in order to help in early diagnosis and treatment of oral cavities.