HPV infection is caused by about 100 varieties of the human papillomavirus. Different types of HPV cause warts on various parts of the body. Some cause plantar warts on the feet, whilst others are accountable for warts on the face or neck and a lot of them trigger warts in the genital area.
Causes Of HPV Infection In Children
- Infection with the human papilloma virus occurs when the virus gains entry in to the body via an abrasion, cut, scrape or tear in the outer layer of the skin. The virus is communicated by skin-to-skin contact.
- You need to be careful in case you see warts around the genital area; confer with your doctor and be wary about sexual abuse.
- It is also likely that a mother having the infection may transmit the virus to the child during delivery. This exposure is known to cause infection in the respiratory tract and genitals.
Symptoms Of HPV In Children
By and large, the body’s immune mechanism battles HPV infection before it can trigger any warts. When the warts do manifest, they differ in appearance depending up on which type of the virus is responsible:
- Common warts: These are elevated, rough bumps which develop on the hands, fingers or elbows.
- Plantar warts: They are hard and manifest on the heels or balls of the feet; they cause immense pain.
- Flat warts: These are elevated, flat-topped, and darker than your regular skin color. They appear on the neck, face, or on sites which you may have scratched. These are very common in children.
- Genital warts: These are flat lesions, tiny cauliflower like lumps. They are seen around the vulva, vagina, anus, penis and scrotum. Genital warts seldom cause pain, although they may be itchy.
Treatment For Human Papillomavirus Infection
Medicines to get rid of the warts are applied directly to it and it takes several applications to eliminate them. The following medications and drugs are recommended:
- Warts tend to fade away without any treatment. However, despite the fact that the warts may have gone away or have been removed, you could still have HPV and you could transmit spread to others. Thus, proper treatment, in the right dosage and for the right duration is very crucial.
- Salicylic acid: Over the counter medicines and lotions which contain salicylic acid are very effective; they work by getting rid of the layers of the wart gradually. Salicylic acid should not be used for warts that have come on your face. Also, do confer with your health care provider before embarking on the treatment.
- Imiquimod: This is a prescription cream that helps perk up the immune system’s capacity to battle HPV.
- Podofilox: Another topical prescription, this works by destroying the genital wart tissue.
- Vitamin C: Up your vitamin C intake; have plenty of limes, lemons, oranges, mangoes, bell peppers, tomatoes and cherries. These are packed with vitamin C, and vitamin C helps boost the working of the body’s immune and defense mechanisms, thus fighting off the infection.
In case, medications fail to work, your physician will advise you one of the following:
- Cryotherapy or freezing with liquid nitrogen.
- Burning with an electrical current.
- Surgical excision
- Laser therapy