Skin conditions are many and vary when it comes to children. During their developmental stage, children love to explore, often exposing themselves to harmful pathogens and allergens that cause these skin conditions. There are many treatments available for these conditions while some usually go away on their own.
- Skin conditions that children experience usually fall under bacterial, viral, or allergic reactions.
- Some conditions may be easy to recognize while others need the proper evaluation and diagnosis of a doctor.
- While it may be common to treat skin conditions at home or using over the counter remedies, it should never replace the need to be examined by a doctor.
Viral Skin Conditions in Children
Skin conditions can be of a viral origin. Some examples of viral skin conditions seen in children include:
- Chicken pox – a common and contagious viral infection that is caused by the varicella virus.
- Fifth disease – also known as “slapped cheek” which begins with flu-like symptoms.
- Shingles – a painful rash with distinct characteristics.
- Smallpox – a disease caused by the variola virus.
- Roseola – one of the more common viral infections that can be seen in infants and children. The symptoms are striking and distinct.
- Rubella – also known as German measles that most often occur during late winter or spring.
- Measles – or rubeola which is a very contagious viral infection.
Contagious Skin Conditions in Children
Contagious skin conditions can be caused by a virus, fungi, bacteria or even parasite. It can be spread through different routes more commonly airborne and skin-to-skin contact or contact with infected items.
- Ringworm – a disease passed on skin-to-skin contact which is caused by a fungus.
- Fifth disease – a disease spread by coughing and sneezing. Highly contagious the week before the appearance of a rash.
- Chickenpox – spread through airborne route or skin-to-skin contact. Child who has had chicken pox have a higher possibility of developing shingles later in life
- Impetigo – a contagious infection characterized by red sores or blisters. Spread by close contact or sharing of infected items.
- Warts – spread through person-to-person contact or sharing of objects.
- Hand-foot-mouth disease or coxsackie – a common contagious childhood disease that starts with a fever, painful mouth sores, non-itchy rashes with blisters that starts on the hands and spreads to the feet.
- Roseola Intantum or sixth disease – a mild but contagious skin condition commonly seen in children age 6 months to 4 years old.