Skin discoloration can often be found in children in many forms. They can also present in different parts of the body and in different shades. There are many causes behind these skin discolorations but most are usually harmless and the discoloration fades over time. Some may have underlying causes that present the need for medical evaluation and treatment.
Skin Discoloration in Children
Children can manifest skin discoloration from many causes.
- Diseases of the liver or kidney
- As a side effect from antibiotics
- Localized irritation
- Bacterial or viral infection
- Poor circulation of oxygenated blood
- Gene mutation that triggers to the body to stop the production of melanin
There are different types of skin discolorations in children, some more common and not a cause for alarm, while some are considered disorders.
- Large bleaches of skin or albinism
- Impetigo which causes red patches and blisters
- Vitiligo which causes white patches of skin in the chest, arms, or back.
Skin Discoloration in Babies
Babies are also prone to skin conditions such as skin discolorations.
- Rashes – babies are prone to rashes but these eventually disappear on their own.
- Pimples and whiteheads – baby acne can already start in the womb but it usually clears up in a few weeks after birth.
- Atopic dermatitis or Eczema – an itchy, red rash that is caused by a trigger.
- Dry skin – often observed in babies born late.
- Cradle cap – caused by excess oil.
- Prickly Heat – small, pinkish-red bumps in areas prone to sweating.
- Milia – appears as little white bumps.
- Baby yeast infection – appears as thrush on the tongue or yeast diaper rash.
- Jaundice – caused by too much bilirubin.
- Infant sunburn
Most baby skin discoloration disorders are harmless but there are signs that parents have to look out for that indicates the need for medical intervention.
- Small, red-purplish dots on the skin
- Yellow, fluid-filled bumps on the skin
Skin Discoloration Treatments
Some types of skin discoloration often fade on their own. There are some that needs cosmetic treatment and there are also some that needs medical treatment.
- Treatment of the underlying condition as indicated by a physician. This can vary from antibiotic therapy, antifungals, topical treatment and phototherapy to name a few.
- Soothing baths to help relieve the skin discomfort.
- Baby lotions – be wary of the ingredients as the lotion may cause further irritation.
- Baby-friendly detergents – some of the skin discoloration disorders may be caused as a reaction to the detergent used on clothes.
- Proper diaper care – avoid diaper rash if possible by caring for the diaper area.
- Applying sunscreen to exposed areas when out in the sun.
- Vitamin supplementation for skin discolorations that may be caused by a vitamin deficiency.