Stomatitis is a condition which is characterized by inflammation along the mucus lining of the cheeks, lips, tongue, gums and the roof of the mouth. When this condition is associated with ulceration i.e. damage to the continuation of the mucosal lining, it is referred to as ulcerative stomatitis.
While there are several causes for the development of stomatitis in children, very few result in formation of aphthous ulcers or ulcerative stomatitis.
Estimates have suggested that recurrent ulcerative stomatitis is relatively common among children. While the condition may arise from both local factors and systemic factors, in children the cause of ulcerative stomatitis is usually local. Various epidemiological reports have suggested that primary herpetic infection is one of the most common causes of ulcerative stomatitis in children, especially in the age group of 6 months to five years.
In addition, ulcerative stomatitis in children may be associated with Hand-foot-mouth disease, herpangina and angular stomatitis. Aphthous stomatitis is more frequently observed in older children in the age of 10-19 years.
What Causes Ulcerative Stomatitis In Children?
Some of the common causes for ulcerative stomatitis especially among children include the following,
- Allergies including allergy to foods and drugs.
- Nutritional deficiencies especially vitamin B, folic acid, vitamin C and Iron.
- Malnutrition is also known to result in ulcerative stomatitis in children.
- Viral diseases especially herpetic stomatitis is frequently observed in children. Hand- foot-mouth disease and herpagina are also common in children.
- Trauma can also lead to stomatitis in children. Trauma caused due to ill fitted dental braces is one of the most common causes of stomatitis in children.
- Renal disorders may also lead to stomatitis in children.
Poor dental hygiene and compromised immune system are considered to be commonly associated with most forms of stomatitis in children.
Home Remedies For Ulcerative Stomatitis In Children
The treatment of ulcerative stomatitis depends upon the cause that has led to the development of the condition. Some of the common treatment protocols include,
- Oral hygiene plays a crucial role in preventing the recurrence of the disease condition. Brushing teeth twice a day and regularly cleaning the tongue are very important to maintain utmost oral health.
- Homeopathic remedies like Arsenic Alb and Graphitis are considered to be helpful in the management of painful ulcers in the mouth.
- Increase the intake of vitamins and other nutritional supplements. Local application of vitamin B complex powder, along the ulcer sites in the oral cavity can help hasten the healing process.
- Local application of turmeric powder on the ulcers prevents secondary infection and also helps reduce the pain and inflammation.
- Gargle with warm salt water. Warm water helps improve blood circulation in the oral cavity and hasten healing while the salt has a soothing effect on the ulcer.
- Treatment of malnutrition or refitting dental braces can also be important in the management of ulcerative stomatitis.
If these simple home remedies don’t work, visit your physician immediately. It is possible that the cause of ulcerative stomatitis is systemic and not local. A better defined treatment regimen can help improve the condition.