Meniere’s disease refers to a disorder that affects the inner ear and results in episodes of vertigo, which are characterized by typical spinning motions along with sensation of pressure and fullness in the ears. While the condition usually affects only one ear and is common among individuals between the age group of 40 to 50 years.
What Causes Meniere’s Disease?
Unfortunately the cause for the development of the condition is not clearly understood. However scientists and experts have suggested certain factors that may contribute to the onset of the condition,
- Inadequate drainage of fluid which may result in blockage.
- Abnormal immune response or allergies.
- Viral infections.
- Genetic predisposition is considered to be a contributing factor.
- Trauma to the head or head injury may also result in the development of the condition.
- Migraines are also linked with Meniere’s disease.
How Long Does Meniere’s Disease Attack Last?
Meniere’s disease is a chronic condition however there is significant variation in how the symptoms manifest and may last for varying duration of time.
In general an episode may start with a sensation of fullness in the ear with tinnitus and reduced hearing ability along with nausea and vomiting. Usually such an episode is associated with a sensation as if the individual is spinning around and will eventually lose his balance. This phase may last for about 20 minutes or up to several hours. Eventually the symptoms may improve.
The episodes of such attacks of Meniere’s disease may occur in cluster and the severity and frequency of these episodes may vary depending upon the progression of the disease. In some patients symptoms like tinnitus may last for several days and may also result in disturbed sleep.
Home Remedies For Meniere’s Disease
Here are some simple home remedies and lifestyle tips that can help in the management of Meniere’s disease,
- Sit or lie down immediately if you feel dizzy. This will prevent you from falling or sustaining any injury and you will feel safe. It is required that you take adequate rest after an episode and avoid rushing back to normal activities.
- Avoid jobs that are associated with high risk for this condition like operating heavy machinery or driving a car. This could hurt you and others.
- Eat regularly and drink adequate amount of water. Have small quantities of food about five to six times a day, rather than having heavy meals twice a day.
- Limit the intake of salt/ sodium to less than 15 grams or less per day. Sodium is present in a host of processed foods and hence it is recommended to avoid them.
- Avoid caffeine which can trigger an episode of tinnitus. Avoid coffee and all forms of beverages containing caffeine.
- Use yoga and meditation techniques to alleviate stress and anxiety. Lower levels of stress can help prevent an episode of dizziness and tinnitus.
- Nasal allergies are closely associated with an episode of Meniere’s disease and hence it is important to identify the allergens and avoid them.
- Homeopathic drug Gelsimium is considered useful in the management of Meniere’s disease as it helps improve coordination and prevents episodes of dizziness and loss of balance.
Other lifestyle recommendations include avoiding nicotine in the form of cigarette smoking. Migraine prevention and management is also vital in preventing an episode of Meniere’s disease.