Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
The term “abnormal uterine bleeding” refers to any bleeding from the vagina, other than the normal menstrual periods. Even heavy bleeding during the normal menstrual periods can be referred to as abnormal uterine bleeding.
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Causes
There are several causes which are responsible for abnormal uterine bleeding in females during their reproductive age group.
- Polyps or benign fibroids are responsible for abnormal uterine bleeding, especially if they are large in size. They can be associated with pain and pressure in the pelvic region
- Cervical or Uterine cancer is also associated with abnormal uterine bleeding, however the condition often affects menopausal women
- Hormonal disturbances namely thyroid disorder or a women approaching menopause are often associated with prolong and heavy uterine bleeding
- Spontaneous abortion is considered to be one of the most common causes of abnormal uterine bleeding in women during their reproductive age group.
- Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a condition which is characterized by abnormal uterine bleeding without any underlying organic cause.
In addition there are a wide range of other causes which may be associated with abnormal uterine bleeding namely using intra-uterine contraceptive devices, etc. The cause would depend upon the age and the health condition of the individual.
Also read about Dilation and Curettage
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Treatment
The treatment depends upon the underlying condition. Often the treatment comprises of prescribing hormone pills to the patient which aids in normalizing the bleeding, especially when related to hormonal imbalance. For organic causes, surgical intervention is mandated and removal of fibroid or hysterectomy (in case of cancer) is recommended.