Systolic Murmur: Causes and Treatment for Systolic Murmur

Systolic Murmur

Also referred to as heart murmur, a systolic heart murmur are heart sounds that are typically generated by turbulent blood flow. The blood flow is strong enough to produce audible heart noise. However, most kinds of murmurs can only be heard through a stethoscope.

There is another type of heart murmur, the diastolic murmur, which occurs when the muscle in the heart relaxes between beats.

The diastolic murmur occurs after the second heart sound. The systolic murmur, on the other hand, occurs between the lub and dub of heart sounds.

Systolic Murmur Causes

There can be many causes of heart murmurs. Some of the causes include but are not limited to:

  • Heart attack
  • Fever
  • High blood pressure
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Anemia
  • Pregnancy
  • Thyrotoxicosis, which is a condition brought about by an overactive thyroid gland

Usually, a systolic heart murmur occurs when there is a problem in the heart’s valve. The valve is the door in the heart which keeps blood moving around the muscle. When a problem exists in this particular part, the whole organ has to work harder in order to pump sufficient amount of blood to the whole body.

Systolic Murmur Treatment

The treatment for a systolic murmur depends on the underlying cause.

Most murmurs are due to small defects and may not require treatment, but have to be regularly observed. The serious ones need treatment.

Tests may have to be administered to detect whether or not a murmur is threatening. These tests include but are not limited to:

  • Echocardiogram
  • Chest x-ray
  • Electrocardiogram

These tests can effective identify whether the root cause of the murmurs are brought about by certain anomalies in heart structures or by other causes. For heart structure problems, surgery may have to be done, but only in severe cases since this disorder is not known to significantly affect a person’s life.

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