What Causes Cameron Ulcers? Its Symptoms And Treatment Options

Cameron ulcers are associated with hiatus hernia, a gastric condition which is characterized by protrusion of the stomach, into the opening of the esophagus. While smaller hiatus hernia may go unnoticed and the person can lead normal lives, larger hiatus hernia can be associated with severe threat to life.

Cameron ulcers are complications associated with hiatus hernia and need to be treated promptly in order to improve the outcome associated with the condition.

This article provides insights into the symptoms and the available treatment and diagnostic options to identify and manage Cameron ulcers.

As per estimates, about 5% of people suffering from hiatus hernia may develop Cameron ulcers. In hiatus hernia, the stomach protrudes out of the opening of the esophagus, which allows regurgitation of food and gastric juices into the esophagus. This in turn results in erosion along the gastric fold of the hiatus hernia, which are referred to as Cameron ulcers. In general these ulcers are superficial and don’t bleed, however over time they may become inflamed and may bleed.

It is still not clearly understand as to what causes Cameron ulcers, however experts believe that it may be associated with irritation caused due to stomach acid, mechanical trauma or ischemia, due to hampered blood supply to the gastric fold.

Cameron Ulcers Symptoms

Cameron ulcers may not have specific symptoms of their own and may often overlap with the symptoms of hiatus hernia. Here are some common symptoms which may be indicative of Cameron ulcers,

  • Chest pain and retrosternal burning are the most common symptoms associated with Cameron ulcers and hiatus hernia. This is caused due to regurgitation of stomach acids into the esophagus.
  • Nausea and belching are other important symptoms which may be associated with hiatus hernia. Belching is often associated with excessive production of gastric acid.
  • Some patients may complain of difficulty in breathing and swallowing. Swallowing may be hampered primarily due to irritation at the opening of the esophagus and bloating of the stomach.

Cameron ulcers can aggravate the above mentioned symptoms of hiatus hernia. In addition, Cameron ulcers can lead to internal bleeding in the stomach and also contribute to iron deficiency anemia. Reports have suggested that if the condition is left untreated, it can be fatal.

Treatment For Cameron Ulcers

Endoscopic evaluation is important in order to confirm the diagnosis of Cameron ulcers. Endoscopic evaluation involves inserting a flexible tube into the patient’s throat which enables the doctor to inspect the lining of the esophagus and the stomach. While conventional treatment options are available, here are some simple home remedies and natural treatment options that can be used to complement the conventional treatment regimen,

  • Consumption of cold milk helps neutralize the acid content of the stomach. Add a tablespoon of raw honey to the cold milk which has a soothing effect on the mucosal lining.
  • Adding turmeric to cold milk is also considered valuable, as turmeric has strong anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce the inflammation and irritation of the Cameron ulcers.
  • Ensure that you follow a strict diet schedule and consume food every 2-3 hours. Prolonged intervals between meals may result in accumulation of gastric acid in the stomach, which can enter the esophagus and cause damage.
  • Homeopathic drug Lycopodium is very useful in management of Cameron ulcers, as it natural helps suppress acid production and hastens the healing process.

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