What Is Xanthoma? Its Causes, Symptoms And How To Get Rid Of It?

Xanthoma occurs due to raised levels of blood lipids, usually because of an underlying disease condition, such as, diabetes, cancer, blocked bile ducts and hypercholesterolemia. It is characterized by fatty deposits under the skin resulting in yellow bumps on the skin. Managing xanthoma requires a diagnosis of the exact causative factor and / or the underlying disease condition and staring of appropriate drugs and medicines.

Xanthoma has various categories and sub types, these include:

Xanthelasma: Xanthelasma is a clearly demarcated yellow accumulation of cholesterol beneath the skin, typically around the eyelids. Xanthelasma is called xanthoma when the fatty depots become large and nodular. By and large, it is classified as a subtype of xanthoma.

  • Xanthoma tuberosum; Xanthoma tuberosum is typified by fatty depots over various joints.
  • Xanthoma tendinosum: Xanthoma tendinosum is characterized by nodules and papules in the tendons of the feet and arms.
  • Xanthoma planum: Xanthoma planum is seen as plaques and macules over huge areas of the body.
  • Palmar xanthoma: Palmar xanthoma manifests as yellow plaques on the palms and flexural surfaces of the fingers. They are characterized by yellow – orange, flat macules or elevated plaques, with a white portion in the center; the xanthoma may be localized or generalized.
    They tend to develop in skin folds, particularly in the palmar creases.
  • Eruptive xanthoma: Eruptive xanthoma is medically typified by small, yellow or papules all over the body.
  • Tuberoeruptive xanthoma: Tuberoeruptive xanthoma manifests as red nodules and papules which are inflamed and these also tend to join together.

Causes And Symptoms Of Xanthoma

The following factors and medical conditions have been associated with xanthoma:

  • Increased level of fats in the blood.
  • Hyperlipidemia.
  • Alagille syndrome.
  • Hypercholesterolemia.
  • Cholesterol storage disease.
  • Glycogenesis type 1a.

Diseases that are associated with xanthoma are:

  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Hypercholesterolemia.
  • Obesity.
  • Hypertension.
  • Coronary artery disease.
  • Angina.
  • Myocardial infarction.

Sign and Symptoms

Common manifestations and symptoms of xanthoma include:

  • Fatty deposits under the skin.
  • Yellow bumps on the skin.
  • Yellow lumps on joints and eyelids.
  • Diverse spread of yellow – brown macules or papules or plaques on various parts of the body.

How To Get Rid Of Xanthoma?

Xanthoma calls for a multi disciplinary approach for its successful treatment – management. It is important to make the correct diagnosis of the condition along with understanding whether there is any underlying medical condition responsible for the fat deposition, so that proper treatment may be started immediately. You need to take appropriate medication, follow a good diet pattern and adhere to a consistent lifestyle.

Your lipid levels need to be brought down to normal; weight management and daily exercise are decidedly essential. It is vital that you confer with your health care provider and get professional medical advice about the suitable treatment regimen for the ailment.

Your doctor will prescribe lipid lowering drugs and medications and a wholesome diet to manage your lipid levels. Talking to a dietician / nutritionist is always recommended too. Also make sure you follow an exercise routine at least thrice a week.

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