Benign Essential tremors are a unique neurological condition which is associated with rhythmic and involuntary movements of body parts when attempting to perform fine motor movements. This condition usually affects the hand and the upper arm but might also affect other regions like head, tongue, roof of the mouth resulting in symptoms like dysarthria and dysphagia.
While the symptoms may begin during early childhood, the features become apparent after 45 years of age. This article provides relevant information about benign essential tremors and alternative treatment options for the management of the condition
Benign essential tremors are neurological movements affecting fine motor functions characterized by fine and rhythmic tremors of the upper part of the body. The characteristic features associated with these tremors include,
- Tremors occur voluntarily when attempt is made to maintain a fixed posture against gravity. This is referred to as postural tremors.
- Tremors may occur while performing movements also referred to as kinetic intention tremors.
- In most cases tremors are absent during rest, but as the condition advances, tremors may be experienced even during the resting phase.
Typically the onset of the condition occurs in childhood, though the symptoms are visible in the mid forties. This is a slow progressive disorder and interferes with performing routine day to day activities.
What Causes Essential Tremors?
Benign essential tremors occur due to unknown etiology and are usually transmitted through autosomal dominant trait. The condition affects families and is associated with mutation on chromosome 2. Some of the common risks factors associated with the aggravation of the symptoms of benign essential tumors include,
- Any form of mental or physical stress can aggravate the condition.
- Fatigue or hypoglycemia can also aggravate the condition.
- Caffeine, salts or some anti-depressant drugs can also aggravate the tremors.
Benign Essential Tremor Symptoms
This condition is of slow and gradual onset and its symptoms deteriorate progressively. Some of the common symptoms include the following,
- Finding difficulty in manipulating smaller objects like drinking fluid from the glass, eating, writing and dressing.
- Unsteady gait and problems with balancing while moving around is another common symptom.
- Tremors become severe in performance situations like making payment or making a presentation, etc.
- People with this disorder may find it difficult to articulate words or make a presentation even after adequate preparation.
Treatment Of Benign Essential Tremor
The treatment regimen comprises of certain lifestyle and dietary modifications. There are certain home remedies and alternative treatment therapies that can help in the management of essential tremors,
- Avoid caffeine, certain salts, etc which can trigger an episode. Also ensure that you consume small feeds at frequent interval to avoid hypoglycemia.
- Meditation and yoga may be beneficial in fighting stress and anxiety, especially during performance situations.
- Performing simple fine motor movement activities like stitching, drawing and painting, etc can be helpful. This keeps the body and the mind agile and active.
- Homeopathic drug, Gelsemium is considered very useful in management of tremors and should be taken in low potency repeated over several times in the day for at least a month.