Dark urine is urine that is dark yellow, red, dark red, or brown, and may range from somewhat dark to significantly dark. Change in the color of urine may be short term and temporary, or may be continual. The duration and course of dark urine tends to vary extensively, depending up on what the cause is.
There are several etiological factors for dark urine. UTI or urinary tract infection is the commonest cause, whilst other infections or kidney dysfunction can cause darkening of urine as well. Dark urine is also associated with acute or chronic disorders that affect other organs of the body. For example urine that is dark may be because of a liver disorder, or a gallbladder dysfunction. Also, cancer of the liver, pancreas, kidneys, or urinary bladder can cause the urine to become dark.
Dark Urine And Abdominal Pain
Injury or damage to any of the structures of the urinary system – kidney, urinary bladder, urethra, or ureter can cause darkening of urine. Certain foods, like, red berries or candy, or consuming anything that contains red dyes can make the urine red-brown.
Dark urine may occur in association with other symptoms; this varies depending up on the underlying cause and disease condition. Symptoms affecting the urinary tract may also involve other organs of the body.
Dark urine may occur in relation with other symptoms of the urinary tract; these include:
- Bloody urine.
- Cloudy urine.
- Urinary retention.
- Pain while urinating.
- Offensive and smelly urine.
- Frequent urination.
Dark urine is also very commonly seen in association with abdominal, pelvic, or back pain; and these can be very severe.
What Causes Dark Urine And Pain In Abdomen?
Darkening of the urine along with pain and discomfort of the abdomen can occur due to a host of causes and etiological factors. The following are the commonly seen contributing and causative factors for red-brown urine.
Causes that occur due to a disorder / abnormality in the urinary system include:
- Cystitis or inflammation of the urinary bladder.
- Acute tubular necrosis.
- Glomerulonephritis or inflammation of the glomeruli.
- Kidney stones.
- Anomalies of the kidney.
- Kidney failure.
- UTI or urinary tract infection.
Causes that are related to other organ systems in the body:
- Certain foods such as red berries, black berries, beet, etc. or foods containing red dyes.
- Certain drugs and medicines.
- Hemolytic anemia – typified by destruction of red blood cells.
- Prostatitis – inflammation and infection of the prostate.
- Rhabdomyolysis – breakdown of the muscle tissue.
Causes that can be extremely serious or life threatening:
In the following cases, you should immediately be evaluated by a health care provider and prompt medical attention may be necessary. These include:
- Cancers of the urinary bladder, kidney, prostate, liver, or pancreas.
- Diseases of the liver, such as, hepatitis, liver failure, cirrhosis or malignancy.
- Trauma or injury to the urinary tract.
- Wilms’ tumor – a type of kidney cancer.
Dark Urine and Lower Abdominal Pain
Darkening of the urine in association with pain in the lower abdomen is frequently seen in cases of malignancies. Cancer of the kidney, bladder, liver or prostate is strong causative factors. Urinary tract infections, cystitis, kidney stones and pyelonephritis trigger lower abdominal pain and discomfort.