List of Communicable Diseases and their Symptoms
Communicable diseases can be spread through direct contact, indirect transmission, or through airborne particles. All communicable diseases can affect anyone, as long as one of the modes of transmission is present. Each disease has at least one distinct presentation. It is important for parents and individuals to be familiar with the symptoms of the disease.
- AIDS. Otherwise known as acquired immune deficiency syndrome, AIDS is the terminal stage of HIV infection. Within several months after infection, clinical signs still remain absent. The symptoms may be experienced after a few years. These include anorexia, chronic diarrhea, fever, fatigue, and weight loss.
- Amebiasis. Otherwise known as amebic dysentery, Amebiasis is an infection of the intestinal tract. This causes severe diarrhea with occasional streaks of blood and mucus. It may present as colicky abdominal pain and foul-smelling watery stools.
- Chickenpox. Otherwise known as varicella, chickenpox is a highly contagious disease characterized by a maculopapular rash with vesicular scabbing, all of which are in multiple stages of healing.
- German measles. Also called Rubella or 3-day measles, German measles is a viral disease that produces distinctive 3-day rash and lymphadenopathy. During the prodromal period, symptoms such as low grade fever, headache, malaise, mild coryza, and conjunctivitis may be experienced. During the eruptive period, rashes spread throughout the body.
- Gonorrhea. It is a sexually transmitted bacterial disease that causes symptoms of dysuria, rectal infection, urethritis, and endometriosis. It is typically characterized by a yellowish vaginal discharge. Burning and frequent urination are also experienced. Other symptoms include fever, pelvic cramping, and pain with intercourse.
- Herpes Zoster. These are typically the same as chickenpox in terms of antigens. It is a self-limited disease with symptoms lasting for 1-2 months. Symptoms include malaise, fevers, and vesicles that turn into scabs within 10 days. The lesion is commonly distributed along a nerve in the thoracic cavity.
- Influenza. Also known as the flu or grippe, influenza is an acute viral infectious disease which affects the respiratory system. Symptoms include headache, loss of appetite, malaise, coryza, prostration, and cough.
- Measles. Rubeola or 7 day measles is an acute disease. This viral ailment characterized by a prodromal fever. Coryza, conjunctivitis, cough, and some spots also accompany the fever.
- Meningitis. It is an acute contagious disease which is characterized by symptoms that reflect the inflammation of the brain’s lining. Such symptoms include fever of sudden onset, intense headache, nausea, vomiting, and nuchal rigidity.
- Mumps. It is an acute viral disease characterized by tenderness and swelling of one or both parotid glands and the salivary glands.
- Pneumonia. It is the inflammation of the lung caused by infectious agents which fill up the air sacs with pus.