Bone Marrow Cancer Symptoms: Causes of Bone Marrow Disease

Bone marrow cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the bone and is called a primary bone cancer. Cancer that originates from other parts of the body but started to affect the bones is called secondary bone marrow cancer.

Symptoms of Bone Marrow Cancer

The following are bone marrow cancer symptoms:

  • Pain in the bones that intensifies at night
  • Pain that comes in waves
  • Unexplained bone fracture without any injury
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness of the bone
  • Stiffness in the bone or around the joints
  • Lump on the bones
  • Limited movements
  • Anemia
  • Poor resistance to infections
  • Fever
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Unexplainable and sudden weight loss
  • Malaise or general feeling of weakness
  • Shortness of breath


Bone Marrow Cancer Causes

The real cause of bone marrow cancer is not yet fully determined by science, but cases of bone marrow cancer are commonly attributed to the following risk factors:

  • Error in a cell’s DNA
  • Hereditary factors or people who has relatives that had cancer
  • Aging, which makes a person susceptible to degenerative diseases
  • Exposure to high doses of radiation
  • Previous chemotherapy sessions
  • Babies born with an umbilical hernia
  • Being a child or young adult
  • Individuals with retinoblastoma or cancer in the eye, which affects children below 5 years of age
  • History of Paget’s disease
  • Individuals with Li-Fraumeni syndrome, which is a rare genetic condition

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