Question: Chicken pox in infants, symptoms, treatment and vaccines side effects.
Answer: Chickenpox is an infant and childhood disease caused by a virus of the varicella (VZV) family. It is highly infectious disease. Mostly children between the age of 5 and 10 years are affected but randomly this infection can occur in children lesser than this age and also in infants.
- Infant between the age of 1month and 12 month are usually protected due to the immune bodies in the mother’s milk. But if the infant is immuno-compromized then there are chances of it occurring in early infancy.
- Mode of transmission of chickenpox is through air and air droplets. The virus enters the respiratory tract and replicates, and then it enters the circulatory system to produce a generalized viraemia.
Symptoms of Chickenpox
- The incubation period is generally between 14 to 18 days.
- Low grade fever
- Headache and weakness are the primary symptoms of chicken pox.
- Rash appears as initial symptoms on first day. The rashes are tiny red spots on the skin mostly seen on the face and the upper trunk. It then spreads to the lower limbs and the hands
- Marked itching is present.
- Multiple crops of the rash appear over 4 to 5 days.
- The papules become blisters and lastly become pustules and form scabs which ultimately fall off.
- Skin of child gets clears after a few days and the kid feels well again. The duration of the illness last for 10 to 14 days.
Treatment and Home Remedy For Chickenpox
- As such chickenpox gets well of its own after an interval of 10 to 14 days, but some of the symptoms that it produces should be addressed.
- Itching is one such symptom associated with the disease. Green pea water is an effective remedy for relieving itching.
- Oatmeal bath: a bath of oat meal is considered very useful in relieving itching.
- Cut finger nails of the child.
- Children should be given all food.
- Fever can be controlled by cold sponging.
- Vaccination and its side effect.
- Prevention of chickenpox and to reduce the intensity is possible after the invention of the vaccine for chickenpox.
- It is given to children between 12 to 18 months.
Side Effects of Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine
- This are the common side effects observed at the site of injection.
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