Esophageal Ulcer Symptoms: Causes And Treatment For Esophageal Ulcer

Esophageal ulcer is one of the various disorders of acid peptic diseases. When the inner lining of the esophagus is corroded an ulcer forms. The most common cause of esophageal ulcer is gastroesophageal reflux.

Causes of Esophageal Ulcer

  • Gastroesophgeal reflux (acid reflux) is most common cause.
  • Here the acid content of the stomach surges into the esophagus due to weak esophageal sphincter.
    Constant corrosion with the stomach acid leads to inflammation and ulceration.
  • Alcohol, caffeinated drinks and smoking.
  • Prolong use of anti- inflammatory drugs.

Symptoms of Esophageal Ulcer

  • Burning pain below the breast bone.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Feeling of lump in throat.
  • Difficulty in swallowing solid food.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Dark and tarry stools.
  • Vomiting of bright red blood if the ulcer is bleeding.

A diagnosis of esophageal ulcer is possible by proper history, endoscopy and X-ray barium swallow.

Treatment for Esophageal Ulcer

Treatment for esophageal ulcer: if esophageal ulcer is diagnosed, it is imperative to follow your doctor’s advice and medications.

  • Your doctor may prescribe proton pump inhibitors, antacids.
  • Antibiotics for eradication of H. pylori bacteria from stomach.
  • Try to reduce acid reflux.
  • Eat two hours before sleeping.
  • Avoid alcohol, tea and coffee.
  • Colas and tobacco should be avoided.
  • Apples and bananas are safe to eat.
  • Broccoli, peas, potatoes and carrots are beneficial as they do not cause heartburn and are easy to digest.
  • Yoga and meditation relieves stress and anxiety. They are triggering factors for esophageal ulcer.
  • Drinking milk regularly helps to maintain acid and alkaline balance in the stomach.
  • Avoid spicy food.

Also read about Difficulty Swallowing Food

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