Tonsils are part of the lymphatic tissue and are located around the base of the oral cavity. The primary function of the tonsils is to protect the throat from entry of microbes and bacteria. While the tonsils are arranged in a circular pattern at the juncture of the oral cavity and the throat, the part of the tonsils located at the base of the tongue are referred to as lingual tonsils.
Lingual Tonsillitis Causes
The primary cause for lingual tonsillitis is an infection of either bacterial or viral origin. In general the tonsils produces white blood cells to combat the infection however occasionally, the tonsils may become enlarged and infected resulting in inflammation of the lymphatic tissue. In such situations, the tonsils become a source of infection in the throat, rather than acting as protective organs to prevent infections.
The most common infection resulting in lingual tonsillitis is streptococci and haemophilis species of bacteria. Viral infections caused by Epstein Barr Virus and adenovirus may also lead to tonsillar inflammation.
The primary symptoms associated with lingual tonsillitis include pain while swallowing, soreness of throat, changed voice and unpleasant taste in the mouth. Systemic symptoms like fever, malaise and generalized fatigue may also be experienced.
Home Remedies for Lingual Tonsillitis
There are a host of simple home remedies and natural treatment options that can help in the prompt management of lingual tonsillitis,
- Salt water gargling is considered to be very beneficial. Add a teaspoon of sea salt in a glass of warm water and gargle about four to five times a day. Salt helps fight the bacterial infection while the warm water helps improve blood circulation around the throat and hastens the healing process.
- Prepare a mixture of turmeric and raw honey and consume one spoon of the paste about three times a day. Turmeric has a strong anti-inflammatory property which helps in the treatment of lingual tonsillitis, while both honey and turmeric are considered to be natural anti-microbial agents. In addition honey has a soothing effect on the throat and alleviates symptoms like pain and irritation in the throat.
- Homeopathic drugs Baryta Carb and Bufo Rana are considered very useful in treatment of lingual tonsils. It is recommended to take low potency doses of these drugs and repeated thrice a day. This helps alleviate some of the distressing symptoms like pain while swallowing along with systemic symptoms like fever and malaise.
- Ensure that your diet is rich in Vitamin C foods. Vitamin C helps boost natural immunity. Include citrus fruits like lemon, lime, oranges, etc in your diet. Regular intake of Vitamin C supplements is also very beneficial.
- Avoid cold foods as they can increase the risk of upper respiratory tract infections which are commonly associated with tonsillitis. Steam inhalation is considered to useful in treating upper respiratory tract infections. Avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol as they have a direct impact on your immunity and may make you prone to throat infections.
- Oral hygiene plays a vital role in preventing lingual tonsillitis. Poor oral hygiene can increase the risk of lingual tonsillitis. Brush your teeth twice a day and floss your teeth at least once a week. Avoid sugary foods and soda drinks.