Prerenal ARF or acute renal failure is characterized by an insufficient blood circulation or perfusion in the kidneys that disables this organ from cleaning the blood properly. A number of people suffer from prerenal acute renal failure.
Prerenal ARF Causes
- Heart failure
- Severe blood loss
- Existing medical problems such as atherosclerosis
- Drastic reduction of fluid injection
- Abusive use of diuretics or water pills
Symptoms of Prerenal Acute Renal Failure
- Mouth Dryness
- Weight Loss
- Slack skin
- Rapid heart bits
- Constant thirst
- Low blood pressure
- Low urine output
- Patients who have indications of heart or liver diseases
Prerenal Acute Renal Failure Treatment
- Treatment aimed at improving kidney perfusion or blood circulation
- Intravenous or IV fluids administered to patients for treatment of dehydration
- May require comprehensive physical examination to determine the patient’s medical history.
- Overall treatment is also addressed directed at underlying causes such as heart diseases, liver failure, or sepsis.
- Increase urine output is also target to improve renal function.
- Renal replacement therapy is also done using intermittent hemodialysis, continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration, and peritoneal dialysis, each having its own strengths and limitations
- Using a urinary catheter for patient with prerenal acute renal failure is also employed to allow diagnosis and treatment of obstruction in the urethra and bladder.