Prerenal Acute Renal Failure: Symptoms And Treatment For Prerenal ARF

Prerenal ARF or acute renal failure is characterized by an insufficient blood circulation or perfusion in the kidneys that disables this organ from cleaning the blood properly. A number of people suffer from prerenal acute renal failure.

Prerenal ARF Causes

  • Heart failure
  • Severe blood loss
  • Sepsis
  • Dehydration
  • Existing medical problems such as atherosclerosis
  • Drastic reduction of fluid injection
  • Abusive use of diuretics or water pills

Symptoms of Prerenal Acute Renal Failure

  • Mouth Dryness
  • Dizziness
  • Weight Loss
  • Slack skin
  • Rapid heart bits
  • Constant thirst
  • Low blood pressure
  • Low urine output
  • Patients who have indications of heart or liver diseases

Prerenal Acute Renal Failure Treatment

  • Treatment aimed at improving kidney perfusion or blood circulation
  • Intravenous or IV fluids administered to patients for treatment of dehydration
  • May require comprehensive physical examination to determine the patient’s medical history.
  • Overall treatment is also addressed directed at underlying causes such as heart diseases, liver failure, or sepsis.
  • Increase urine output is also target to improve renal function.
  • Renal replacement therapy is also done using intermittent hemodialysis, continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration, and peritoneal dialysis, each having its own strengths and limitations
  • Using a urinary catheter for patient with prerenal acute renal failure is also employed to allow diagnosis and treatment of obstruction in the urethra and bladder.

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