Parasites are the organisms which depend on other living things for their food and their survival. Human beings are host to many parasites; it may be in their intestine or on the skin.
Skin parasite infection is more commonly in socio-economical backward class due to lack of personal hygiene, and overcrowding.
There are three skin parasites common in humans; they are Lice, Scabies and Tinea.
Symptoms of Skin Parasites
- Severe itching
- Rash and redness of the skin.
- Secondary infection.
- Burning pain, with bumps and lesions on head.
- Oozing of serous liquid from the scratched site.
Types of Skin Parasites or Worms
- Lice: most common skin parasite, it infests head and scalp. Children are more prone to head lice because they play in close proximity to each other, this make easy for the lice to travel from head to head.
- Pubic lice are present in pubic area and are infested by close contact generally sexual contacts cause spread of pubic lice.
- Scabies: this skin parasite burrows and lays egg in superficial skin, especially in between webs of finger, on genitals and gluteal regions.
- Ring worm: it is a type of fungal infection. Site of infection is, between the thighs, head, feet, nails etc.
- It forms a ring, with plain surface in the centre.
Treatment of Skin Parasite
- Sulfur based soaps help in reducing inflammation, itching in skin parasite infection.
- Apply castor oil on skin surface of infestation, it relieves burning and itching.
- Tea tree oil is important natural cure in skin parasitic infection, especially in scabies and lice. Pour 20 drops of tea tree oil in a bath tub and soak for 15 minutes in the tub; it helps to kill the skin parasite. Tea tree oil can also be applied directly on the ring worm.
- Maintaining personal hygiene reduces chances of skin parasitic infection.