In medicine something which occurs abruptly and suddenly is referred to as acute.
Acute stroke is a condition of sudden and severe loss brain function when the blood supply to a part of brain is cut off. It is characterized by paralysis, loss of muscular control, loss of sensation and other symptoms, which vary according to severity and damage caused to the brain.
Acute stroke is a medical emergency which requires immediate medical attention. The morbidity and mortality are high in acute stroke. Some of the risk factors associated with it are advanced age, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking etc.
Acute stroke can be caused due to cerebral hemorrhage, thrombosis and embolism.
Symptoms of Acute Stroke
The onset is rapid with focal signs according to site of hemorrhage.
- Neck stiffness.
- Loss of muscle tone and paralysis of limbs mostly one sided.
- Dilated pupils.
- Difficult breathing
- Blindness or flashing light in the visual field of the eye.
- Loss of consciousness and coma.
- Rise in body temperature if there is pontine hemorrhage.
Acute Stroke Treatment
- The patient should be shifted immediately to the hospital.
- Doctors will shift the patient to an intensive care unit.
- The patient is put on emergency management profile.
- If there is high blood pressure, it is brought under control.
- Arrangements are made for CT scan.
- Other necessary medicines are given according to the condition of the patient.
- When the patient settles down, after few a week he may require physiotherapy and other rehabilitation treatment.
Also see Complex and Simple Focal Seizures