Epilepsy is a condition which involves a chronic neurological disturbance which is manifested in the form of seizures. The seizures result from abnormal neuronal activities of the cells in the brain. Childhood epilepsy is more common compared to any other form of epilepsy, though epileptic attacks are frequently observed in adults.
Childhood Epilepsy Syndromes
There are forty different types of epileptic syndromes that can affect an individual. Some of the most common epileptic syndromes affecting children include,
- Absence seizures: This syndrome is characterized by lack of any motor or atonic seizures and is presented in the form of staring by the child
- Juvenile absence epilepsy
- Simple partial seizures: Seizures which affect a part of the body and are not associated with loss of consciousness
- Complex partial seizures: seizures which affects a part of the body and are associated with loss of consciousness
- Progressive myoclonic seizures
In addition some other seizures include multi-focal seizures, nocturnal seizures, photosensitive seizures, sensory or motor seizures, etc
Childhood Epilepsy Treatment
Medication and dietary corrections tend to be useful in most of the types of epilepsy syndrome in children. Use of kenogenic diet, which involves high fat and low carbohydrate diet, is found to be beneficial in reducing the incidence of seizures in children
Medications namely anticonvulsants have been found to be effective
Finally, surgical intervention may be required in some severe forms of the condition. Surgery involves the partial removal of the lobe of the brain, which acts as the common foci for the convulsive attacks.
Also see Focal Seizures