Sodium chloride, calcium and potassium are electrolytes present in our body. These are present in all the body fluids such as blood, urine, etc. Sometimes the level of the electrolytes may increase or decrease.
By and large an imbalance occurs due to: diarrhea, vomiting, pneumonia, chronic obstructive disease, and renal failure.
Electrolyte Deficiency Symptoms
The commonest manifestations are:
- Muscle cramps and spasms
- Nausea, vomiting
- Dry mouth
- Giddiness, fainting
- Bad temper
A severe imbalance may cause these clinical features:
- Slow heart rate
- Convulsions, seizures
- Low blood pressure
- Poor coordination
Electrolyte Deficiency Treatment
It is vital to distinguish the symptoms promptly and start the treatment promptly. By and large, the treatment is based on the cause and the severity of the symptoms. It is necessary to fight dehydration related to the electrolyte imbalance. The doctor may also prescribe electrolyte drinks, since plain water may not supply all the essential electrolytes. If the symptoms worsen consult your physician without delay.