Fluid in the Abdominal Cavity: Abdominal Cavity Fluid Accumulation

Fluid in the Abdominal Cavity

Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is clinically referred to as “Ascites”. The condition is characterized by accumulation of serous or clear fluid in the abdominal cavity. The fluid accumulation may be attributed to a wide range of sources including liver damage, congestive cardiac failure, kidney damage, etc.

What Causes Fluid in the Abdominal Cavity?

There are several causes of Ascites,

  1. The most common cause of ascites is liver cirrhosis or advanced liver disease. This cause attributes to 80% of the incidence of fluid collection in the abdomen
  2. Water retention due to kidney disorders is another leading cause of ascitis
  3. Congestive cardiac failure results in backward pressure on the liver which in turn causes fluid collection in the abdomen
  4. Obstruction of portal vessels has also been associated with ascitis. Obstruction may be due to blood clots or cancer cells blocking the normal flow of blood in these vessels
  5. Patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis also present with symptoms of ascites

Treatment for Accumulation of Serous Fluid in the Abdominal Cavity

Treatment of ascites is multifold.

  1. Diet plays a crucial role in controlling ascites. Limiting sodium intake to less than 2 grams per day has been found to be a highly successful treatment
  2. Homeopathic treatment with drugs like Apis and Arsenic Alb taken in low potency repeatedly during the day has been found to treat ascites effectively
  3. Medications including use of diuretics and surgical intervention can have also been found to be efficient, especially as the last line of treatment in management of this condition.

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