Hormonal Changes In Women At 40: Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms

Hormonal changes in women are often associated with the menstrual cycle regulation. During the reproductive age, a female goes through a wide range and series of hormonal changes, which occur in a cyclic fashion, due to the release of various hormones from the female reproductive system.

Some of the key hormones regulating the female menstrual cycle include Estrogen, Progesterone, Leutinizing Hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone, all of which work in synergy to aid the process of ovulation and the process of preparation of the uterus for the implantation of the embryo.

From premenstrual syndrome to menopause, hormones influence your mood, food cravings, and weight. For some, it’s smooth sailing, whilst for others it’s a huge turmoil at every turn of the hormone profile.

Hormonal Changes And Premenstrual Syndrome

Any clinical feature – such as cramps, nausea, vomiting, bloating, diarrhea, and breast tenderness that occurs before the commencement of the period is considered PMS or premenstrual syndrome. However, the most prominent and troublesome feature is the accompanying mood changes; from gloom and depression, mood swings, anguish, melancholia, sensitivity, even full-blown rage, screaming and hatred.

Experts say that the symptoms of PMS do not necessarily point towards abnormal hormone profile. In fact, most trials and studies done on women having PMS show that their circulating levels of hormones are normal.

Researchers postulate that some metabolites of the hormones in the brain trigger mood swings or some women metabolize the hormones differently. It is still not known for sure.

Premenstrual syndrome is inevitable, thus, it is vital to understand the natural ways for you to adopt, in order to manage and / or lessen the intensity of the symptoms. A host of home remedies and natural therapies help tackle the symptoms of PMS successfully.

First and foremost, you need to decrease your intake of salt. Restricting your salt intake will diminish bloating. This, in turn, will help allay physical as well as emotional symptoms. Also, reduce your sugar consumption, and refrain from having caffeine during that period, both of these are known make PMS symptoms worse.

Ensure that you have 3 to 5 glasses of herbal tea – ginger, holy basil, sage or cinnamon. These help you relax, prevent abdominal cramps and ward off nausea and vomiting effectively. Essential oils are invaluable for PMS too. Oils such as Lavender, Chamomile and Ylang-Ylang are warming and comforting and uplift your mood greatly.

Symptoms Of Hormonal Changes In Women At 40

As a woman approaches menopause (i.e. the end of the reproductive phase), severe hormonal changes take place in the body, and this in turn results in the manifestation of various signs and symptoms.

As women approach the age of 40 years, there is a consistent decline in the levels of hormone progesterone and estrogen. Consequently, wrinkles and fine lines on the skin, increase in weight and deposition of fat around the buttocks and the belly followed by the upper arm, and mood swings become apparent.

Peri-menopausal and menopausal symptoms and manifestations include,

  • Hot flushes and excessive perspiration.
  • Increase in weight, which doesn’t respond to diet and / or exercise.
  • Irritation, grumpiness, melancholia and aggression.
  • Feeling of tiredness and general apathy towards everything.

It is easy to manage and reduce these symptoms by exercising regularly (or at least 3 times a week), ensuring that you eat a healthy and well balanced diet and battle stress successfully. Opting for HRT or hormone replacement therapy is not advisable.

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