Any type of surgery whether it is a minor surgery or a major surgery, carries a risk of complication even with the best efforts put by the surgeons.
With invent of modern technology and effective antibiotics, the percentage of knee surgery complications have reduced. The most common complication is blood clot and the most serious complication arising from any knee surgery is infection.
Arthroscopic knee surgery complications: in this surgery, a small fiber optic tube is inserted in the knee through the incision and the surgeon gets direct view of the internal structures for its correction.
- Deep vein thrombosis is one of the complications of this surgery.
- Post operative knee infection is second complication which is faced generally in an arthroscopic surgery. Diabetics, persons with low immunity, chronic smokers are more vulnerable to infections.
- Hematoma or abnormal collection of blood in the knee joint after the arthroscopic knee surgery, it also reduces the mobility and increases the chances of bacterial growth.
- Damage to internal structure such as nerves and cartilages.
- Loss of sensation can be felt temporarily due to damage to the nerves.
- Failed surgery may require another surgical repair, though the instances are rare.
Replacement knee surgery complication
- Prosthesis gets loosened from the bone. It is a long term complication. It usually does not occur if your bones are strong, you have an active life, and you have reduced weight.
- Diminished bending of the knee.
- Infection in the knee joint.
- Rejection of metal parts of the prosthesis by the body can give rise to complications such as pain, restricted movement, fever etc.
- Numbness in the knee area.
- Fat embolism, blood clotting, delayed wound healing.
Also see about Health Dangers of Gastric Bypass
Acl knee surgery complications
- Rupture of the graft.
- Pain which persists for a long duration.
- Swelling of knee joint.
- Bleeding and hematoma from a major blood vessel.
- Nerve injury.
- Fracture of bone.
- Knee loosening after Acl reconstructive surgery.
Also see Recovery from Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery