Micronutrients comprise of nutrients that are required in fairly small quantities, throughout life, for effective functioning of the body and performing a wide range of physicological functions. These micronutrients are required in a quantity of less than 100 micrograms per day and cant be produced in the body.
The micronutrient deficiency may result in symptoms depending upon the specific nutritional deficiency. As per the WHO, the most common syndrome associated with a micronutrient deficiency is anemia, which results from the deficiency of iron.
Common Micronutrient Deficiencies in Humans
Some of the most common micronutrient deficiencies include the following,
- Iron deficiency: This is associated with anemia or reduced concentration of hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is responsible for transportation of oxygen and nutrients to the body cells.
- Iodine deficiency: Deficiency of iodine is associated with hypothyroidism, a condition characterized by low production of the thyroid hormone. It is manifested in the form of obesity, sluggishness, lethargy, etc
- Vitamin A deficiency: Deficiency of Vitamin A is associated with visual impairment and skin problems depending upon the severity of the condition
- Zinc deficiency is also observed in humans
Micronutrient Deficiencies Diseases and Effects
Effects would depend upon the form of the specific micronutrient that is deficient. In general micronutrient deficiency interferes with normal physiological functioning of the body and can be associated with a wide range of health problems.