Piriformis Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment and Stretches

What Is Piriformis Syndrome?

Piriformis syndrome is a condition that develops due to the impingement of the sciatic nerve and occurs due to over straining of the nerve.

Piriformis Syndrome Symptoms

  • There is dull chronic pain
  • Tingling, numbness in the thighs and butt
  • Gradually, the symptoms spread to the lower back, and calves.
  • Lifting, running and exertion aggravate
  • Cannot sit for longer hours.

Piriformis Syndrome Causes

  • Excessive stress and strain on the sciatic nerve is the basic cause.
  • Trauma, injury or stress to the piriformis muscles, which in turn exert pressure
  • Inactivation of butt muscles is also considered a cause.
  • Individuals who participate in sports activities are prone to develop the syndrome.
  • A combination of strong adductor muscles and weak abductor muscles is another important cause.

Piriformis Syndrome Treatment and Stretches

  • Once the diagnosis is made, the doctor asks the person to take maximum rest and stop all movements / activities that increase the stress on the piriformis muscles.
  • Alternate hot and cold applications are known to afford quick relief.
  • The physician may prescribe certain drugs to alleviate the pain
  • Physiotherapy is greatly recommended
  • Corticosteroid injections may be given in some case.
  • Massage is another potent therapy option to ease pain. Using warm sesame seed oil / clove oil added to any base / carrier oil acts beneficially on the muscles to ease the strain and discomfort.

Also see Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

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