PMS or premenstrual Syndrome is a condition which is characterized by symptoms like soreness of the breast, irritability and cramps and pain in the abdomen. It is estimated that about 70% of all females, within the reproductive age group, manifest symptoms of PMS though differing in intensity and severity.
- Studies have shown that premenstrual syndrome is attributed to the change in the levels of different hormones.
PMS Symptoms but No Period or Discharge
In some it may be mild while in others the symptoms may be severe. Some of the PMS symptoms are;
- Backache which is often limited to the lower back.
- Nausea may be occasionally associated with vomiting and water brash
- Watery discharge may be experienced in some cases
- Cramps in abdomen.
- Mood change with increased irritability and anxiety
- Hot flushes.
- Reduced appetite and constipation may also be observed.
Usually, the premenstrual symptoms are followed by menstrual cycle within a few days. However in some females, the symptoms of PMS may not be followed with normal menstrual cycle.
PMS Signs but No Bleeding
While pregnancy is the most common cause for absence of periods, there are a host of other causes that can result in no bleeding after the signs of PMS have become apparent,
- Stress and strain. Physical or mental strain can hamper the normal hormonal balance of the body, which in turn may result in failure or absence of periods.
- Chronic or severe Medical illness such as acute fever, diabetes, etc can delay normal menstrual periods by few days.
- Anemia is considered to be one of the most common causative factor for delay or absence of menstrual cycles
- Polycystic ovarian disease is a condition which is characterized by formation of multiple cysts in the ovaries. This condition is considered to delay menstrual cycles.
- Excessive obesity or underweight females are also prone to experience the symptoms of PMS but no bleeding.
- Ectopic pregnancy can also result in absence of menstrual periods. It is worthwhile to note that ectopic pregnancies may not be adequately detected using a urine pregnancy test and hence ultrasound examination is often recommended
- Rigorous workout schedule can also delay the periods.
PMS symptoms but no period may not be a serious matter all the time, however if it occurs often, you have to consult your gynecologist.