Pros and Cons of Abortion: What Are Some Advantages and Disadvantages

Pregnancy Abortion Advantages and Disadvantages

  • Abortion is termination of pregnancy by removal of the fetus less than 500gms, either by a choice or by an accident.
  • Spontaneous abortion can be due to growth retardation of the embryo, maternal diseases such as diabetes, nephritis with hypertension, listeria or toxoplasma, certain fevers etc.
  • Induced abortion is a voluntary abortion as in unwanted pregnancy, trauma, abortions caused due to rape, incest, etc.
  • Many countries have the laws on abortion. In some countries there is a restriction or partial restriction, where as in others abortion is legal till birth

Let us get an idea on some of the pros and cons of abortion

Pros of Abortion

  • It may be necessary to safeguard the woman’s health.
  • Prevent complication arising from pregnancy, if a woman is suffering from diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease etc. A woman should act according to the medical advice.
  • Abortion helps the parents to have an option whether they want or do not want a child.
  • It also helps to check the family size.
  • In situations such as pregnancy arising from rape, or pregnancy in a mentally retarded woman.

Cons of Abortion

  • It can be termed as a brutality. Many religions do not agree for abortion, as a person is forbidding the chance of life to a developing fetus.
  • It gives the couple a chance to behave in an irresponsible manner.
  • Abortion can give rise to medical complications such as recurrent miscarriages, infection, sepsis etc.
  • It can have a grave impact on a woman’s mental status. She can become depressed with many other mental illnesses.

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