Schizophrenia is a disorder where it is difficult to differentiate between what is existent and imaginary, think clearly, manage emotions, and relate to other people. This influences your capacity to function normally and take care of yourself.
- Social withdrawal
- Poor personal hygiene
- Inability express joy or sorrow or excessively laughing or crying
- Expressionless face
- Odd statements
- Strange use of words or way of speaking
- Delusions and hallucinations
Types of Schizophrenia
There are 3 types of schizophrenia:
- Paranoid schizophrenia
- Catatonic schizophrenia
Causes of Schizophrenia
The causes are not completely known.
- Genetic Causes Of Schizophrenia
- Schizophrenia causes have a genetic and hereditary factor. Those having a first degree relative with schizophrenia have a 10 % likelihood of developing the illness, as opposed to the 1 % chance of the general population.
- Nonetheless, those who are genetically predisposed do not always develop the disease.
Environmental Causes Of Schizophrenia
- Stress during pregnancy or at a later stage of development triggers schizophrenia:
- Prenatal exposure to viral infection
- Low levels of oxygen during birth
- Exposure to viral infection during infancy
- Early parental separation / loss
- Physical / sexual abuse during childhood
- Chemical imbalances in specific neuro-transmitters, amino acids and proteins play a pivotal part in the occurrence of schizophrenia.
- Additionally, anomalies in the structure of the brain also play a role in schizophrenia.