Vitamin K Deficiency Symptoms in Adults: Prevent Vitamin K Deficiency

Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin consisting of numerous related compounds known as quinones.  Vitamin K1 is known as phylloquinone and vitamin K2 produced by intestinal bacteria is termed manaquinone.

Vitamin k deficiency in healthy adults is uncommon because 1) vitamin K is present in green leaves of plants like spinach, cabbage and cauliflower which we eat.

2) Vitamin K cycle is conserved 3) Bacteria present in large intestine synthesize manaquinone.

Vitamin K deficiency in adults occurs only in acute liver diseases or in a patient who is on anticoagulant therapy.

Vitamin K Symptoms in Adults include

  • Excessive and heavy menses.
  • Bleeding from intestine.
  • Hematuria (blood in urine).
  • Nose bleed.
  • Bruising from mild trauma.
  • Prolonged clotting time.

Causes of Vitamin K Deficiency

  • Extreme and inadequate intake of food.
  • Fat malabsorption.
  • Chronic illness
  • Alcoholism.
  • Abdominal surgery.
  • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Liver disease.
  • Anticoagulants.
  • Polycythemia vera
  • Massive transfusion of blood.

Vitamin K Deficiency Treatment

  • The treatment will depend on the underlying cause.
  • Bleeding due to deficient synthesis of prothrombin because of impairment in liver function and also due to anticoagulant therapy, should be tackled by fresh frozen plasma.
  • Vitamin K is of no use in bleeding disorder with a normal prothrombin time.
  • Patient on prolonged oral antibiotic therapy may need oral or parenteral synthetic vitamin K as the doctor advises.

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